Exploring the Sardinia Region Italy

Sardinia is the second largest island (23,813 sq. km.) in the Mediterranean (Sicily is larger). Sardinia is mainly a mountainous region without high peaks and vast natural environment. In fact, the presence of man does not seem to affect this territory; great surfaces still preserve their natural composition, luxuriant woods with even millenary trees, small desert areas and marshes inhabited by deer, wild horses and birds. For information on how to get to Sardinia click here.



The sea reigns over this region with its colours and it creeps into the coves, along the coasts, the beaches and the most popular resorts. An example is the Costa Smeralda (Emerald Coast) with its pearl, Porto Cervo, that combines the history and culture of a region that has old traditions with a joyful and colourful nightlife. Porto Cervo was named after its enchanting cove, which looks like the antlers of a deer; the Old Port is considered the best-equipped tourist port in the Mediterranean Sea. Porto Rotondo isalso a famous location; it overlooks the wide Gulf of Cugnana and is full of villas and piazzas embedded in a splendid natural environment.

Those who prefer the mountain to the sea can explore the area of Gennargentu, the greatest mountain range in Sardinia, with its peculiar landscape, where Man and Nature joined one another and decided that the latter should have the priority. This region is rich in flora and fauna, with its mouflons, golden eagles, Sardinian deer and several species that are now threatened with extinction.

Among its wonders, Sardinia offers the visitor the Nuragic complexes scattered all over the territory. These are unique monuments in the world that testify an ancient culture, that remains partly mysterious, and that went from the fifteenth century to the sixteenth BC. The Nuragic constructions were built using great blocks of stone and develop around a central cone-shaped tower that transmits strength and power. These are archaeological sites where it is possible to grasp the archaic charm of ancient rituals and domestic life. Of these many constructions, the complex of Barumini, in the province of Cagliari, is among the sites in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The climate is Mediterranean with long hot dry breezy summers and short mild rainy winters, except at high altitudes. Average annual temperatures range from 18 ºC along the coastal belt to 14 ºC inland. Precipitations are largely confined to the winter months and distribution is somewhat irregular, with as much as 1,300 mm./year in the highest areas. The prevailing wind is north-westerly, which blows over the island in all seasons, particularly sweeping the west side.

Basically, tourism in Sardinia is linked to its extraordinarily beautiful coastline, with a variety of splendours hard to find elsewhere, and not only in the Mediterranean. Pure white sands alternate with tiny hidden coves, sheer cliffs frequently soar above magnificent caves and picturesque rocks rise from a clear sparkling sea facing rugged promontories, eroded by the wind.

Physcial Profile of Sardinia Region




Cagliari Province (regional capital), Nuoro Province, Oistano ProvinceSassano Province


Cagliari – Sardinia’s capital and largest city, city’s Sardinian name means “castle,” entire historic area known as “Castello” district, 13km of beach along the sea, home to several beautiful gardens and city parks, cathedrals, and palaces
Olbia – Small city on eastern coast, close to Costa Smeralda
Sassari – Second-largest city in Sardinia, has a rich art history, home to oldest university in Sardinia
Alghero – Small city on northwest coast, near many “nuraghi” ruins, home to many churches and Neptune’s Grotto (stalactite cave)
Nuoro – Small inland city, on the slopes of Monte Ortobene, home to several museums
Stintino – Small fishing town on northwest coast, home to a beautiful beach
Costa Smeralda – Coastal area in the northeast, most popular beach area on the island
Maddalena Archipelago – Small group of islands off the northeast coast of Sardinia, between Sardinia and Corsica, largest island is Isola Maddalena, includes a national park that was short-listed for a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2006

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