Mount Canin is a mountain in the Julian Alps on the border of Slovenia and Italy. Its highest summit, Big Mount Kanin is 2,587m above sea level. It separates the upper Soča Valley in Slovenia from the Resia Valley in Italy. On the Slovenian part of the mountain, which is part of the Municipality of Bovec, lies an important ski resort, which is the highest in the country. There is also a cave on the mountain, the Vrtoglavica Cave, that holds the record for having the deepest single vertical drop ( pitch) of any cave on earth, at a depth of . Mount Kanin is an important identity symbol of the people of the Resia Valley, and several popular songs in the Resian dialect are dedicated to the mountain, which the locals call Höra ta Ćanïnawa, or simply Ćanen.
Tarvisio (German and Friulian: Tarvis) is a comune (town) in the Province of Udine, the northeastern part of the autonomous Friuli-Venezia Giulia region in Italy. The town is located in the Canal Valley (Val Canale), between the Carnic Alps and Karawanks ranges in the north and the Julian Alps in the south. Located at the border with both Austria and Slovenia, Tarvisio and its neighbouring municipalities of Arnoldstein and Kranjska Gora form the tripoint of Romance, Germanic and Slavic Europe. The height west of the town centre marks the watershed between the Slizza creek, a tributary of the Gail River which is part of the Danube basin, and the Fella River, tributary of the Tagliamento discharging into the Adriatic Sea.
Tarvisio features include the parish church Saints Peter and Paul, built in the 15th century, as well as sceneries like the Fusinelaghi mountain lakes. At the summit of the Mount Lussari is a pilgrimage church, where according to legend in 1360 a shepherd discovered a statue of Virgin Mary. The church and the nearby ski centre can be reached by cable car from Malborghetto Valbruna. The area around the Sella Nevea mountain pass between Tarvisio and Chiusaforte is also a popular ski resort.
Tarvisio has access to the A23 Alpe-Adria autostrada, part of the European route E55, running from the Austrian A2 Süd Autobahn to Udine, and the A4 autostrada at Palmanova. The Tarvisio railway station is located at the new Pontebbana line from Villach to Udine opened in 2000, that replaced the tracks of the former Austro-Hungarian k.k. Staatsbahn built in 1879.
The city of Udine is the capital of the Udine Province in the Friuli Venezia Region and is an charming city with friendly squares, Tiepolo masterpieces and traditional osterias Looking atUdine from the hills where the historic castle stands, to the north you see the red roofs of the city and beyond to the crests of the hills and mountains that protect it, whereas to the south, less than an hour's drive away, there is the Adriatic Sea.
You can almost imagine how it was in the 17th century, when Giambattista Tiepolo at the height of his artistic maturity created his works, that are now housed in the Tiepolo Galleries (Palazzo Patriarcale), the cathedral and the church of the Purità. Udine is a pleasant, friendly place toenoy the late afternoon and you find the locals after work making a stop in one of the traditional osterias for: 'un taj di chel bon', a good glass of wine in company.
A mixture of fascinating Venetian piazzas and fine old palaces, a series of old, brightly coloured, portico-lined piazzas between Piazza Libertà, “the most beautiful Venetian piazza on the mainland” and Piazza Matteotti (or Piazza delle Erbe) have all the atmosphere of an open-air sitting room, and are the very essence of the city. The city centre streets are full of brand name shops and craft workshops (many of them specialising in Lombard-style gold items), historic cafes andosterias, all in a very human, cordial and hardworking atmosphere.
Much of the history of Udine is unclear and it is believed the orgin of the city was around the 5 th century, when the castle was built to defend the area against the Hungarian invasions. Records show that in 983, Emperor Otto II ceded the castle of Udene to theRodoaldo the Patriarch of Aquileia and the area remained under church rule for a period of time but played no major role. Then in the 13 th century the Patriarch Bertoldo of Andechs abandoned Cividale and moved the seat of the church back to Udiine. At this point the city became a focal point in the region started to prosper and grew to be Capital of Friuli. Several sets of defensive walls were built and modified during the next few hundred years and in the 14 th century the city and surrounding area became part of theVenezian Republic.
Venezian rule was relaxed and the city enjoyed considerable autonomy. The period brought a dramatic development in town-planning, art and culture. Piazza della Liberta, Palazzo del Comune and the Portico di San Giovanni all date between the 15th and 16 th century. In the 18 th century the town was enhanced by G.B. Tiepolo, who painted several cycles in the Duomo and frescoed the PalazzoPatriarcale and the Oratorio della Purita.
After the fall of the Venetiona Republic and the short period of Napoleonic rule, Udine became part of the Austrian region of Lombardy-Venetian. In 1866 the area was became part of the Kingdom of Italy as part of the treaty in the Pussian – Austrian War. Unlucky of both parties the borders were not draw on historical lines and this lead to Italy joining the Great War against Austria.
Much of the Friuli Venezia Region was part of the Battlefields of WWI, but after the war Udine started to expand outside of the city walls. Today the city spreads itself out in the valley and has a very vibrant culture.
The Udine Province is located in the Emila Romagna Region of Italy. The province is bordered by Pordenone Province, Gorizia Province, Adriatic Sea, and Austria.
The city of Udine is documented as be a thousand-year-old city but archaeological evidence now shows it birth started two millennia prior, Udine was once surrounded by thick city walls. The layout of the current historic city centre seen today, began to take shape during the early period of Venetian control in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Also enjoy the specially priced “Friuli Doc” menus laid on by local Osteria, comprising the ancient yet simple cuisine of the Alpi Carniche and the region’s marine areas.
You can enjoy superb and unparalleled views over the entire Friuli region from the Colle del Castello. There is a legend that Attila enjoyed the sight of the burning city of Aquileia from this hill.
Savours and colours are also a major theme in city of San Daniele, a small hilltop town renowned for its gastronomic delights and itself a veritable treasure chest of art, history and culture. The town is especially famous for its remarkable ham, the “Sandaniele”.
Another splendid city just a short distance from the sea is the city of Aquileia, which offers visitors a landscape dotted with relics from a prestigious past. This Roman colony was founded in 181BC by order of the Senate, with the aim of warding off the Celts and establishing a base from which to control operations in the Adriatic, and also the two tribes, the Lyrics and the Istrians. Aquileia quickly became an operations base and an important garrison for the entire North-Eastern Alps. However, with Attila the Hun’s conquest in 452, the strategic importance of the Roman stronghold was weakened while the role of the Aquileian church was promoted.
Another town steeped in history, mystery and culture is Cividale. The town dates back to around 50BC and was founded by Julius Caesar as a location of strategic military importance for controlling the North-Eastern border passes. It later became a municipium and was subsequently included in the so-called “Tenth Region” of Italy. When the Lombards invaded Italy in 568 their king Alboino chose
Another historical location is Gemona, a prehistoric settlement populated first by the Celts and later by the Romans. Gemona castle fell into disrepair at the end of the Venetian period, was destroyed completely in the earthquake of 1976 and is now coming to the end of a period of ongoing restoration.
It would be wrong to touch on defence without mentioning the town of Palmanova. The imposing fortress of Palma, later known as “la nuova”, was constructed in Friuli by the Venetians as a defence system. The construction of the citadel, which is designed in a striking nine-pointed star shape with 18 sides, was only given the go ahead after it was decided not to exploit defences at Udine.
Towards Codroipo in Passariano is the Villa Manin, the largest villa in Northeast Italy. The immensity of this villa lends it the air more of a Central European residence than a villa, in spite of the fact that it possesses all the traditional characteristics of a Venetian-inspired villa
Leaving the motorway at the San Giorgio al Nogaro exit, it is only a short drive to the Marano lagoon, a vast area that encompasses the Foci dello Stella nature reserve. This wide expanse has long been recognised as a wetland of international importance, most notably on account of the migratory birdlife that populates the area. With regard to flora, this takes the form of an immense stretch of reed thicket broken by pools and small bays that turn into “sandbanks”, small, muddy islands topped with salt-water plants.
Another important nature reserve in the region is the Valle Cavanata. This reserve is host to a population of gulls, cormorants, swans and other aquatic birdlife. Lastly, a little further towards the East lies the regional nature reserve of Foce dell’Isonzo.
Lignano Sabbiadoro never fails to attract holidaying tourists. The resort is located on a peninsula that hangs out into the Adriatic Sea. A special feature of Lignano, as its name suggests (sabbia – sand; oro - gold), are the eight kilometres of fine sand which reflect the warm, golden tones of the sun.