PROVINCE OF PORDENONE | FRIULI VENEZIA
The Province of Pordenone was established in 1963 detaching from the Province of Udine the places on the right side of the Tagliamento River. The province includes the Parco naturale delle Dolomiti Friulane - Cimolais and 2 Natural Reserves, Prescudin and Forra del Cellina - Barcis.
The province of Pordenone is the westernmost of the four provinces in the autonomous region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia in northeastern Italy. It is bounded to the east and north by the Province of Udine. To the west lies the Province of Belluno, to the southwest the Province of Treviso and to the south, the Province of Venice, all in the region of Veneto. The province is located in the lowlands of the Po-Venetian Valley, south of the Venetian Prealps and the Alpine foothills of Friuli. It is the only province in the autonomous region that does not border on the Adriatic Sea. The provincial capital is the city of Pordenone, an ancient port on the River Noncello.
Hilly country in the north of the province give way further south to the flat land of the lower Po Valley. Rivers cross the province from north to south carrying runoff from the melting snow in the Alps. Much of the water sinks underground and resurfaces on the plains as a zone of springs.
HISTORY OF PORDENONE PROVINCE
Pordenone was settled before 2000 BCE and was situated along the boundary between Villanovan and Alpine Halsatt cultures. It was under the rule of Treviso during the Middle Ages, although it was sacked by Aquileian soldiers in 1233 CE. The Austrian House of Habsburg subsequently ruled the area between 1278 and 1508, although the land surrounding it was briefly entirely under the rule of Venice. In the 15th century it was an important centre for the production of paper, textiles, ceramics, silk, and wool, and attracted Tuscan merchants.
In 1508, Venice occupied the city in response to calls from pro-Venetian residents of Pordenone, but this occupation was not well-received. It fell under the rule of Bartolomeo d'Alviano after this occupation until 1537, when Venice invaded the city. It was left under Venetian rule until the invasion of the area by Napoleon in 1797; it was later controlled by Austria between 1813 and 1866. In 1866, it was conquered by the Kingdom of Italy. It was the third Italian city to use hydroelectric power, after Milan and Tivoli, in 1888. It was occupied by Austrians during World War II, and it was bombed forty-three times in World War II.
TOWNS OF THE PORDENONE PROVINCE
- Cordovado | Friuli Venezia Region
- Erto | Friuli Venezia Region
- Frisanco | Friuli Venezia Region
- Meduno | Friuli Venezia Region
- Montereale Valcellina | Friuli Venezia Region
- Porcia | Friuli Venezia Region
- Polcenigo | Friuli Venezia Region
- Pinzano al Tagliamento | Friuli Venezia Region
- Pordenone | Friulia Venezia Region