Exploring the Basilicata Region Italy

Basilicata lies in southern Italy. It faces the Gulf of Taranto (Ionian Sea) to the southeast and the Gulf of Policastro (Tyrrhenian Sea) to the southwest and borders with Campania to the west, Puglia to the north and to the northeast and Calabria to the south: its borders, largely conventional, are the result of complex historical events.


Because Basilicata still not very well-known, it is a great tourist destination. The woods and forests that cover the mountains are dotted with small and charming villages, some even at an altitude of 1000 mt, where pure air, genuine flavors and the beauties of nature are combined with historical vestiges satisfying every curiosity.

Beautiful - yet less traversed than other regions - is the area of the Monticchio Lakes, one of the most spectacular locations in Basilicata. Lake Grande and Lake Piccolo are two splendid stretches of water that fill the two craters of Mount Vulture, now extinct, and are surrounded by thick and lush vegetation.

Even though it is a mainly internal region, Basilicata touches two seas: the Ionian and Tyrrhenian. The Ionic coast, with the two famous sea resorts of Metaponto and Policoro, offers wide beaches, either sandy or pebbly, and partially surrounded by pinewoods and rows of eucalyptus that give off a lovely scent. The Gulf of Policastro, on the Tyrrhenian side, has higher and more indented coasts, where steep promontories alternate with small beaches washed by a crystal-clear sea.


Physcial Profile of the Basilicata Region




Potenza Province (regional capital) and Matera Province


Potenza – Capital of Basilicata, situated overlooking a valley in northern part of region, home to a 13th century church and a cathedral dating from the 12th century
Matera – Town near the border with Puglia, home to the famous Sassi di Matera (a UNESCO World Heritage Site), a 13th century cathedral, and several cave churches among the cave dwellings
Maratea – Only Basilicata town on the Tyrrenhian coast, beautiful beach resort town, home to a 21-meter (69-foot) tall statue of Christ the Redeemer, and more than 40 churches (some of which date from the 6th-7th centuries)
Melfi – Town in northern Basilicata, home to a large FIAT plant, a large castle dating back to the 11th century (which now houses an archaeological museum)
Metaponto – Small beach town on the Gulf of Taranto, home to the ruins of an ancient Greek city (including a Temple of Hera)
Policoro – Small beach town on the Gulf of Taranto, near the ruins of ancient Greek town of Heraclea
Tursi – Small mountain town in southern part of region, ancient village of Rabatana (including a 5th century castle) overlooks Tursi from a nearby mountaintop
Venosa – Town in northern part of region, home to a 15th century castle, an 11th century church, and an archaeological park with excavations dating back to the Palaeolithic period
Nova Siri – Small beach town on the Gulf of Taranto, near the Monte Pollino National Park

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