The Arco dei Gavi is an ancient structure in the city of Verona, Veneto Region Italy. It was built by the gens Gavia, a noble Roman family who had their hometown in Verona, at the beginning of the Via Postumia, the Roman road leading to the city. During the Middle Ages it was used as a gate in the walls. The arch was commissioned to architect L. Vitruvius Cerdo in the 1st century AD, likely during the reign of Tiberius. The arch was erected by a prominent local family, the Gavi.
A stone contained an inscription stating : Lucius Vitruvius Libertus or Cerdon Lucius Vitruvius'' architect. Later scholars often mistook this for someone with an link to the famed architect Vitruvius. The flanking niches appear to have held statues of family members. In the Middle Ages, during the communal age of Verona, the city's council used it as an entrance gate when it was decided to surround Verona with a line of walls. During the Napoleonic rule in Italy, the French engineers demolished it. Its ruins were moved to a square and then to the Arena.
Using some of the original stones, a proposed reconstruction of the arch was completed in 1932. This reconstruction was based on a wooden models made prior to demolition, and proposed reconstructions drawn up as early as the 16th-century by no less than Palladio. These models underscore the reverence held for even trivial examples of monumental Roman architecture. The reconstruction of the Gavi Arch under Mussolini, just like his reconstruction of the Ara Pacis and the Mausoleum of Augustus in Rome, was done to promote the propaganda of Fascism in Italy, exhorting Italy to identify with a Imperial Roman past. The arch was rebuilt next to Castelvecchio, not far from its original location.