Tre Cime di Lavaredo

The Tre Cime di Lavaredo ( Italian for "the three peaks of Lavaredo"), also called the Drei Zinnen (German, literally "three merlons"), are three distinctive battlement-like peaks, in the Sexten Dolomites of northeastern Italy. They are probably one of the best-known mountain groups in the Alps. The three peaks, from east to west, are:

  • Cima Piccola/Kleine Zinne ("little peak")
  • Cima Grande/Große Zinne ("big peak")
  • Cima Ovest/Westliche Zinne ("western peak").

The peaks are composed of well-layered dolostones of the Dolomia Principale (Hauptdolomit) formation, Carnian to Rhaetian in age, as are many other groups in the Dolomites (e.g., the Tofane, the Pelmo or the Cinque Torri). Until 1919 the peaks formed part of the border between Italy and Austria. Now they lie on the border between the Italian provinces of Bolzano (South Tyrol) and Belluno and still are a part of the linguistic boundary between German-speaking and Italian-speaking majorities.

The first ascent of the Cima Grande was on August 21, 1869, by Paul Grohmann with guides Franz Innerkofler and Peter Salcher. The Cima Ovest was first climbed exactly ten years later, on August 21, 1879, by Michel Innerkofler with G. Ploner, a tourist. The Cima Piccola was first climbed on July 25, 1881, by Michel and Hans Innerkofler. The routes of these three first ascents are still the normal ascent routes; the Cima Piccola's route is the most difficult of the three. Emilio Comici was the first to climb the north face of the Cima Grande in 1933 in a party of three, after an ascent time of 3 days and 2 nights. This partly overhanging northern face is considered by climbers to be one of the great north faces of the Alps.

Numerous routes lead from the surrounding communities to and around the peaks. The most common route is from Paternkofel/Monte Paterno to the alpine hut Auronzo at 2,333 m (7,654 ft), over Paternsattel (Patern Pass) to the alpine hut Dreizinnenhütte/Locatelli at 2,405 m (7,890 ft), and then to the peaks. There are a number of other routes as well. Since the front line between Italy and Austria during World War I ran through these mountains, there are a number of fortifications, man-made caves, and commemorative plaques in the area. Nearby communities include Auronzo di Cadore, Toblach/Dobbiaco, Sexten/Sesto, and the Puster Valley. The area has also staged many finishes in Giro D'Italia.

Belluno Province,, Bolzano Province,, Sesto Dolomites,

Italiaoutdoors Guide to the Dolomites

Sesto Mountain Group

Italiaoutdoors guide to the Sesto Dolomites

The Sesto Mountain Group (Dolomiti di Sesto/Sextner Dolomiten or Sextner Sonnenuhr) is located in the Belluno Province of the Veneto Region. The Sesto Group is bordered by the Trentino Alto Adige Region, Austria, and Friuli Venezia Region. The mountains get their name from the town of Sesto Pusteria/Sexten. The highest peak in Sesto Mountain Group is Punta dei Tre Scarperi at 3,152 meters a.s.l. The Sesto Mountain Group are inside the perimeter of the Parco Naturale Dolomiti di Sesto/Naturpark Sextner Dolomiten-Drei Zinnen, that was created in 1982. The mountain group is divided into eight subgroups, the Tre Scarperi, the Rondoi-Baranci, the Cadini di Misurina, the Tre Cima di Lavaredo, Monte Paterno, the Croda die Toni, the Popera, and Monte Piana. Most of these sub-groups are equipped with vie ferrate that provides visitors spectacular excursions along 'Strada deli Alpini' or the Tunnels (Gallerie) of the Popera Group. The entire area is covered by the scares of battle from WWI. For climbings the towers of Tre Cima di Laverado offer some of Italy's classic alpine ascents as well as modern bolted multi-pitch routes. The views from the valley and at summit are some of the most suggestive in the Italian Dolomites. There are always more people discovering these mountains but since they are slightly off the beaten path compared to the western Italian Dolomites you can still find quite trails to walk or bike. The Sesto Mountain Group should be on top of your to visit list. During WWI, the Sesto Dolomites were the site of fierce battles between Italian and Austrian forces for three years (Mountain Warfare). Still today you might see bullet-holes in the rocks or rusty shell splinters on the grounds. In 1981, the Sesto Dolomites Nature Park was founded, and in 2010 the Provincial Administration of South Tyrol decided to change its name into Three Peaks Nature Park - "Naturpark Drei Zinnen" in German, "Parco Naturale Tre Cime" in Italian. The main reason was that these Three Peaks of Lavaredo are world-famous and represent its most outstanding symbol. Covering an area of 11,891 hectares, nowadays the Three Peaks Nature Park stretches from the municipalities of Sesto, San Candido and Dobbiaco in the Upper Val Pusteria to the north-eastern Dolomites, the Valle di Landro valley and neighboring Belluno. Interpretive nature trails such as the one around Lake Dobbiaco (situated exactly on the border with the Fanes-Senes-Braies Nature Park) or the Wood Wonder World Dobbiaco with its theme trail near the visitor centre invite to a trip in the beautiful nature of this area.


Main Peaks of the Sesto Group

Gruppo dei Tre Scarperi Passo Grande dei Rondoi (m 2.289) Punta dei Tre Scarperi (m 3.152) Punta Piccola dei Scarperi (m 3.095) Punta Lavina Bianca (m 2.987) Lastron degli Scarperi (m 2957 Gruppo Rondoi-Baranci Rocca dei Baranci (m 2.966) Croda dei Baranci (m 2.922) Croda dei Rondoi (m 2.873) Monte Rudo (m 2.826) Tre Cime di Lavaredo | Dolomites Cima Ovest (m 2.973) Cima Grande di Lavaredo (m 2.999) Cima Piccola (m 2.857) Croda dell'Arghena (m 2.252) Torre di Toblin (m 2.617) Gruppo del Monte Piana Monte Piana (m 2.324) Monte Piano (m 2.305) Cadini di Misurina Cadin di Nord-Est (m 2.788) Cadin di San Lucano (m 2.839) Cima Eötvös (m 2.815) Torre del Diavolo (m 2.598) Torre Wundt (m 2.517) Gruppo Monte Paterno - Cima Una Monte Paterno (m 2.744) Croda Passaporto (m 2.744) Torre Pian di Cengia (m 2.700) Cima Una (m 2.698) Gruppo della Croda dei Toni Passo Fiscalino (m 2.519) Croda dei Toni o Cima Dodici (m 3.094) Croda Antonio Berti (m 3.029) Cima Sud della Croda dei Toni (m 2.945) Cima d'Auronzo (m 2.945) Gruppo del Popera Cima Undici (m 3.092) Monte Popera (m 3.046) Giralba di Sotto (m 2.995) Cima Bagni (m 2.983) Croda Rossa di Sesto o Cima Dieci (m. 2.965) Cima d'Ambata (m 2.872)

Mountain Huts in the Sesto Group

Rifugio Antonio Locatelli (m 2.438) Rifugio Auronzo (m 2.320) Rifugio Zsigmondy-Comici (m 2.224) Rifugio Pian di Cengia (m 2.528) Rifugio Fonda-Savio (m 2.367) Rifugio Lavaredo (m 2.344) Rifugio Carducci (m 2.297) Rifugio Tre Scarperi (m 1.626) Rifugio Bosi (m 2.213) Rifugio Berti (m 1.950)

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