TOWN OF FIESSO D'ARTICO IN THE PROVINCE OF VENICE
Fiesso d'Artico is a town in the province of Venice, Veneto, Italy. The town is located along the state road 11, SR11, and is part of the Riviera del Brenta. Fiesso d'Artico is almost one thousand years of official life, the town has been listed in documents dated 1025/1028. It is a village of (it has the smaller territory of the province of Venice) on the left bank of the Brenta river, halfway between Padua and Venice.
Initially, the town was called just Fiesso, from the Latin Flexum, meaning a curve formed by the river anciently called the "Medoacus" (currently known as Brenta). The second name Artico was added later on, in honour of the lawyer Angelo Maria Artico, the creator of the last great deviation of the river which was necessary to safeguard the town from floods as the breaking of the levees by the river Brenta happened very often, before.
In the past, this town was important as a religious center: it is recorded that a priest was appointed even by the bishop of Nicosia, in Cyprus, that was a dependence of the Republic of Venice, at the time. The territory was divided in two large parts inclusive of many other lands which nowadays are belonging to the other closer municipalities, such as Dolo, Stra, Vigonza. Due to the short distance from Padua, Fiesso d'Artico was involved in many wars as a result of the struggle for the succession of several lordships in that city. Finally Fiesso d'Artico was included in the Republic of Venice, in the fifteenth century.
Under the rule of the Republic of Venice, beautiful villas were built by the noble and rich Venetian merchants for their summer holidays and many of them still exist. Fiesso d'Artico was connected with Venice by a boat called the "Burchiello" through navigable river ways directly up to the Grand Canal. The citizens of Fiesso took an active role in the struggles for the independence of Veneto from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, as well as those for the liberation of Italy from Nazi-fascism during World War II.
Fiesso d'Artico is still now one of the most charming views of the Riviera del Brenta, an area known throughout the world for its beauty and richness of art. Also it is known for shoes production, particularly for women. A high percentage of citizens of Fiesso d'Artico, in fact, is engaged in this production sector which is very known abroad. This sector has grown, taking the characteristics of quality and style appreciated internationally. Today there are about 200 shoe-manufacturing units of which 100 are involved in the proper construction of shoes, while the remaining ones are engaged in activities somehow related to the footwear industry.