The City of Rovigo is the capital city of the Province of Rovigo and located in the Veneto Region of Italy. Aso know as capital of the Polèsine, the town is first mentioned in the 9th century, in 1194 the Este family of Ferrara came into power until 1482. In 1482 the area became under the control of Venice, which left its mark on the town's buildings for the next 300 years. It benefited from the construction of the Padua-Rovigo railway in 1866. In the 19th century, the walls were destroyed and the ramparts and moat transformed into public parks. In the 1950's and 1960's Rovigo finally developed from being a traditional market town to an industrial center.
Rovigo is located on the low ground known as Polesine, by rail southwest of Venice and south-southwest of Padua, and on the Adigetto Canal. The comune of Rovigo extends between the rivers Adige and Canal Bianco, west of the Adriatic Sea, except the frazione of Fenil del Turco that extends south of the Canal Bianco. Polesine is the name of the low ground between the lower courses of the rivers Adige and Po and the sea; the derivation of the name is much discussed, generally applied only to the province of Rovigo, but is sometimes extended to the near towns of Adria and Ferrara.
The architecture of the town bears the stamp both of Venetian and of Ferrarese influence. Main sights include:
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