GULF OF TRIESTE | TRIESTE PROVINCE
The Gulf of Trieste is a very shallow bay of the Adriatic Sea, in the extreme northern part of the sea. It is part of the Gulf of Venice and is shared by Italy, Slovenia and Croatia. It is closed to the south by the peninsula of Istria, the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea, shared between Croatia and Slovenia. The entire Slovenian sea is part of the Gulf of Trieste.
The gulf of Trieste is limited by an imaginary line connecting the Punta Tagliamento on the Italian and Savudrija (Punta Salvore) on the Croatian coast. Its area is approximately , its average depth is , and its maximum depth is . With the exception of flat islets blocking the entrance to Laguna di Grado, there are no islands in the gulf. Its eastern coasts, with Trieste and the Slovenian Littoral, have more rugged relief. The sea current in the gulf flows counterclockwise. Its average speed is 0.8 knots. Tides in the gulf are among the largest in the Adriatic Sea, but nevertheless do not usually exceed . The average salinity is 37-38 ‰, but in the summer it falls under 35‰. Its most prominent features are:
- Bay of Panzano in Italy
- Bay of Muggia in Italy
- Bay of Koper (Capodistria) in Slovenia
- Gulf of Piran (Pirano), the sovereignty over which has been a matter of dispute between Croatia and Slovenia since 1991.