VITICOLTURA (EUGANEAN WINE)
The Euganei hills are an extraordinary mix between nature and human interaction that has shaped a land, recognized as regional park for 20 years, where wine-making is essential for the area's economy and history.
The hills occupy an area of one hundred square kilometres of which the park's total surface accounts for 18.684 hectares.·At 601-meters Mt. Venda·towers over the many·hills which form the Euganei complex.
The area where Doc Colli Euganei is produced coincides with the Park area and is divided into 15 administrative councils full of history and traditions. Every village is a small treasure of traditions and history which makes it worth a visit, especially during the scented springs and the colourful autumns.
Grapevines have been growing in the Euganei area since ancient times. In medieval documents the expression "vino puro de monte" (the pure mountain wine) referred to that fine wine produced in the hills which distinguished from the low quality and watery wines produced in plains. Therefore, the wine-growing tradition dates back many centuries ago. Although Marziale, a Latin poet, was already describing the Euganeo landscape as strongly marked by a grapevine symmetry, the first evidence of wine making crops can be traced back to ancient times of the Atestini peoples who settled in the Veneto region during the I century B.C. Examples of this are the typical stem glasses/goblets and the famous Benvenuti metal vase on which images of a man about to toast are engraved. However, the real rise of grape growing took place during the late middle ages when the spread of Christianity required every religious settlement to have their own vine. In 1184, the count Alberto da Baone even imported from Slavonia those sclavas vines which probably take their name from the region they are from.
The region, probably the first to be intensively cropped in all Padova area, was called during the middle ages as "Pedevenda". There is no sufficient knowledge of the exact grape varieties which existed at the time but vine trade is certain to have contributed to the wealth of many local families and the production quality is sure to have been determined by the city-states' statutes. These regulations set the grape harvest and the trade dates, prohibited hunting and animal grazing among the vines as well as forbidding the passage of foreigners through the vine crops. The importance of the Pedevanda region is also recognized by the adoption of the standard measure, la concola di Pedevanda, which corresponds to 30 litres.
Today the Euganei wine-growing is a hugely expanding industry with the wine quality becoming more and more prestigious. These small businesses, with their neat and well looked after wineries, mix technology and ancient knowledge and offer products which, fresh and young or preserved in barrels they may be, always retain their strong, colourful and perfumed features.
Therefore, you will find in every bottle the work, the people's stories and the seasons' calls. Wine also means memory and its essence lies in being almost a distillate, a memory made by perfumes, a liquid synthesis of its producer, the land, which leaves its landscape, its culture and its history inside the wine.
You will find, thus, the freshness of the northern area slopes in the young bubbly Seprini wine, which will carry you away with its non-matured flowers and fruit perfumes. You will find the ambiance of the wavy slopes in the Fior d'Arancio; a gently and never sickeningly sweet wine which will envelop you in a cloud of cider, rose, sage and broom flavoured aromas. And when you taste another nectar of this land, the Colli Euganei Rosso wine, you will find all the sun's strength and warmth attacking the south-exposed lands. It is a sun that gives this wine rich and delicate tobacco, chocolate and liquorice aromas, able to delight you and to bring your mind back to those hills that generated it.
The area is full of great walks and bike rides.