DUINO | TRIESTE PROVINCE
Duino is a town and castle at the Adriatic coast in the municipality (comune) of Duino-Aurisina, part of the region of Friuli–Venezia Giulia in the province of Trieste, northeastern Italy. The two Duino castles are the main attraction. The older castle, dating back to the 11th century and which belonged to the patriarchy of Aquileia, is in ruins, while the newer Duino Castle dates back to 1389, is inhabited to this day and can be visited by tourists. Below the ruins of the ancient castle there lies a white rock projecting into the sea, the Dama Bianca, which resembles a veiled woman and gave origin to many gothic legends.
GULF OF TRIESTE | TRIESTE PROVINCE
The Gulf of Trieste is a very shallow bay of the Adriatic Sea, in the extreme northern part of the sea. It is part of the Gulf of Venice and is shared by Italy, Slovenia and Croatia. It is closed to the south by the peninsula of Istria, the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea, shared between Croatia and Slovenia. The entire Slovenian sea is part of the Gulf of Trieste.
The gulf of Trieste is limited by an imaginary line connecting the Punta Tagliamento on the Italian and Savudrija (Punta Salvore) on the Croatian coast. Its area is approximately , its average depth is , and its maximum depth is . With the exception of flat islets blocking the entrance to Laguna di Grado, there are no islands in the gulf. Its eastern coasts, with Trieste and the Slovenian Littoral, have more rugged relief. The sea current in the gulf flows counterclockwise. Its average speed is 0.8 knots. Tides in the gulf are among the largest in the Adriatic Sea, but nevertheless do not usually exceed . The average salinity is 37-38 ‰, but in the summer it falls under 35‰. Its most prominent features are:
- Bay of Panzano in Italy
- Bay of Muggia in Italy
- Bay of Koper (Capodistria) in Slovenia
- Gulf of Piran (Pirano), the sovereignty over which has been a matter of dispute between Croatia and Slovenia since 1991.
MONFALCONE | TRIESTE PROVINCE
Monfalcone (in the local Bisiac dialect: Mofalcòn) is a town and comune of the province of Gorizia ( Friuli-Venezia Giulia, northern Italy), located on the coast of the Gulf of Trieste. Monfalcone means "Mount of Falcon" in Italian. It is a major industrial centre for manufacturing ships, airplanes, textiles, chemicals and refined oil. It is the home of Fincantieri Cantieri Navali Italiani.
Monfalcone is the fifth most populous town in Friuli - Venezia Giulia and the main centre of Bisiacaria territory. Joined to its neighbourhoods, it reaches about 50,000 inhabitants. The town lies between the Carso hills and the Adriatic Sea, being the northernmost port of the Mediterranean Sea.
BATTLES OF WWI
WHAT TO SEE IN MONFALCONE
- Rocca (Castle). Of medieval origin (according to a legend, it was founded by Theoderic the Great, King of the Ostrogoths), its current appearance dates to the Venetian restorations in the early 16th century. The interior houses a speleology exhibition.
- Park of World War I
- Karst (Carso) area
- Cathedral of Sant'Ambrogio
MUGGIA | TRIESTE PROVINCE
Muggia, Trieste Province in the Friuli Venezia Region of Italy, (Friulian: Mugle, Venetian: Muia)) is an Italian comune in the extreme south-east of the province lying on the border with Slovenia. Muggia rests on the last stretch of Istria still within Italian territory, after the dissolution of the Free Territory of Trieste in 1954 ceded the bulk of Istria to then Yugoslavia (now divided between Slovenia and Croatia). Its territory, limited on the sea-side by a shoreline of more than featuring a coastal road and on the border side by a hill system, Monti di Muggia, including Mt. Castellier, Mt. S. Michele, Mt. Zuc and Monte d'Oro, that dominate over a vast landscape of Italian and Istrian coast, is characterized by a rich sub-continental vegetation of both Carsic and Istrian type. It has a border crossing, known as San Bartolomeo, with Slovenia and the extreme west of the comune at Lazaretto. The Slovenian border crossing is called Lazaret in Koper municipality.
WHAT TO SEE IN MUGGIA
Muggia provides many evident traces of its Venetian traditions and origin, as showed by the dialect, the gastronomic traditions, the gothic-venetian style of some houses, the devious "calli", the loggias, the ogive arches, the ancient coats of arms on the façades but mostly the main square, a true Venetian "campiello". Memories of its early ages include an important pre-historic "castelliere" on Mt. Castellier (S. Barbara) and Roman (Archaeological Park of CastrumMuglae) and medieval remains in Muggia Vecchia (Old Muggia), once one of the guarding castles that in the 10th century were built to defend the Istrian border against the invasion of the Hungars. The Castle of Muggia, destroyed in 1353 by the Triestines, retains several remains of the previous period such as the ruins of the walls. A tower dating back to 1374 was due to the Patriarch of Aquileia Marquard of Muggia. Later in 1735, under the government of the Republic of Venice, it was restored, but it was totally abandoned during the following century. The Castle was restored by its current owners, the sculptor Villi Bossi and his wife Gabriella, and may be visited upon request. The most important art attraction is the little basilica of Santa Maria Assunta (10th-13th century), housing frescoes from the 14th-15th centuries.
SISTIANA | TRIESTE PROVINCE
Sistiana (Slovene: Sesljan) is a town in the Trieste Province of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, in the far northeast of Italy near the Slovene border. It is a frazione of the comune of Duino-Aurisina. The village lies north-west of Trieste. The name is derived from the Latin Sextilianum, which may represent the first Roman settlement in the region of Trieste. A Roman villa has been discovered nearby, and the local quarries were exploited in the 2nd century AD. There were border clashes in the 16th century between the lords of Duino and the city of Trieste.
Italiaoutdoors Travel Guide to Friuli Venezia Region
Trieste City Guide | Trieste Province
Guide to Town of Trieste
TRIESTE | TRIESTE PROVINCE The city of Trieste is a city and seaport in northeastern Italy. The city is capital of the Trieste Province in the Friuli Venezia Region. It is situated towards the end of a narrow strip of Italian territory lying between the Adriatic Sea and Slovenia, which lies almost immediately south and east of the city. Trieste is located at the head of the Gulf of Trieste and throughout history it has been influenced by its location at the crossroads of Latin, Slavic, and Germanic cultures. In 2009, it had a population of about 205,000. Trieste was one of the oldest parts of the Habsburg Monarchy. In the 19th century, it was the most important port of one of the Great Powers of Europe. As a prosperous seaport in the Mediterranean region, Trieste became the fourth largest city of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (after Vienna, Budapest, and Prague). In the fin-de-siecle period, it emerged as an important hub for literature and music. It underwent an economic revival during the 1930s, and Trieste was an important spot in the struggle between the Eastern and Western blocs after the Second World War. Today, the city is in one of the richest regions of Italy, and has been a great centre for shipping, through its port ( Port of Trieste), shipbuilding and financial services. Trieste lies in the northernmost part of the high Adriatic in northeastern Italy, near the border with Slovenia. The city lies on the Gulf of Trieste. Built mostly on a hillside that becomes a mountain, Trieste's urban territory lies at the foot of an imposing escarpment that comes down abruptly from the Carso Plateau towards the sea. The karst landforms close to the city reach an elevation of 458 metres (1,502 ft) above sea level. It lies on the borders of the Italian geographical region, the Balkan Peninsula, and the Mitteleuropa.
What to See in Trieste
Castello di San Giusto Sitting on top of a strategic hill the castle was built in the 15th century as part of the city's fortifications. Today it contains a renovated museum and armoury. Open daily from 9 am to 7 pm. Basilica di San Giusto Finished in 1400, the city cathedral contains an interesting mix of 13th century frescoes and 12th century mosaics - reflecting the styles of Ravenna and Byzantine architecture. Piazza dell'Unita d'Italia Praised as a triumph of Austro-Hungarian town planning, this vast square opens up on to the waterfront and is especially beautiful when lit at night. Castello di Miramare 8 km north west of the city is the Castello di Miramare, built for Archduke Maximilian of Austria in 1856, whom later became the Emperor of Mexico.
Where to Stay in Trieste
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Where to Eat in Trieste
€€€ Harry's Grill Alongside the famous hotel Grand Hotel Duchi d'Aosta, the Grill was opened by the Cipriani family who own Harry's Bar in Venice. Serving regional and international dishes in elegant surroundings. Piazza dell'Unita d'Italia. Tel +39 040 760 0011 €€ Al Bagatto Situated close to the waterfront, this family run restaurant specialises in fish and has been run by three generations of the same family. Open only in the evenings. Via L Cadorna 7, Tel +39 040 301771 €€ Buffet da Pepi In business for over 100 years, this traditional buffet serves a mixture of boiled meats, hams, sausages and hot mustards and horseradish sauces. Via della Cassa di Risparmio 3, Tel +39 040 - 366 858 Closed Sunday. €€ Caffè Tommaseo The oldest caffè in Trieste and a favourite haunt of James Joyce and Sigmund Freud. As well as coffee it has good selection of antipasto, pastas, meat and fish. Riva Tre Novembre 5, Tel + 39 040 362 666 What to order Trieste is well known for its buffets and you should try one or two of these as well as restaurants. Boiled meats, sausages, sauerkraut and beer reflect the city's middle European heritage and dumplings often replace pasta. Goulash is another favourite of the city. Trieste is also famous for its cafes and coffee itself played an important role in its trading history - as a free port after 1719 it became the major gateway for all of Italy's coffee imports, and is today the headquarters of the famous Illy family coffee empire. The white wines of Collio Goriziano are admired throughout Italy, the most commonly grown grapes being Pinot Bianco, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Chardonnay, Malvasia and Ribolla Gialla. Closer to Trieste are the smaller growing areas of Isonzo and Carso. Isonzo makes wonderful Sauvignon and Chardonnay wines, as well as some striking reds based mostly on Merlot. Carso is well known for its Terrano red - a favourite of the locals of Trieste grown on low-lying land which is very hard to cultivate and harvest.
How to Get To Trieste
There is an airport 33 km north west of the city (known as Ronchi) which serves the whole Friuli Venezia Giulia region and has flights connecting with Munich, Rome and London Stansted. There is an APT coach service which connects the airport with the centre of Trieste. There is a good Bus service between Trieste and Ljubljana in Slovenia which takes about 2.5 hours. Timetables are different for weekdays and weekends. There is currently not a rail link between Trieste and Ljubljana. For all train information visit www.trenitalia.com which has an English version. Train travel in Italy is inexpensive and comfortable. Major cities are served by non-stop fast trains known as the Eurostar. If you are making plans for wider Europe then www.raileurope-world.com is a useful site. Italo NTV (Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori) is a new private company which started operating it's Italo high-speed trains on the Milan-Florence-Rome-Naples route in April 2012, in competition with State-owned operator Trenitalia. NTV have added new routes subsequently and are Europe's first private high-speed train operator, with a real emphasis on customer service. Travellers should be aware that the city stations used are not always the same as those used by Trenitalia.
Places around Trieste
VILLA OPICINA | TRIESTE PROVINCE
Villa Opicina, also spelled Opicina (Triestine: Opcina), is a town in north-eastern Italy, close to the Slovenian border at Fernetti. The first town in Slovenia after the border is Sežana, which is also where the first railway station in Slovenia is located after Villa Opicina. It is a frazione of the comune of Trieste, the provincial and regional capital. It is located on the Carso Plateau 3 miles north of Trieste, a seaport on the Adriatic Sea. The railway station serves trains entering Italy from Slovenia, but does not provide a direct service to Trieste. The Opicina Tramway, a unique hybrid tramway and funicular railway links Villa Opicina village with Piazza Oberdan in Trieste city centre. There are also buses which link Villa Opicina railway station, the village center and Trieste.