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Duino | Friuli Venezia Region



Duino is a town and castle at the Adriatic coast in the municipality (comune) of Duino-Aurisina, part of the region of Friuli–Venezia Giulia in the province of Trieste, northeastern Italy. The two Duino castles are the main attraction. The older castle, dating back to the 11th century and which belonged to the patriarchy of Aquileia, is in ruins, while the newer Duino Castle dates back to 1389, is inhabited to this day and can be visited by tourists. Below the ruins of the ancient castle there lies a white rock projecting into the sea, the Dama Bianca, which resembles a veiled woman and gave origin to many gothic legends.

Exploring the Trieste Province in the Friuli Venezia Region of Italy


Trieste Province of Italy


When you start your adventure in the Trieste Province your best point of departure is the captial city of Trieste.  The city of Trieste is an international city with a historical and cultural heritage that can , awarded it the title of Middle European city. The City and Province are filled with splendid landmarks, stunning nature, and a rich and an ancient maritime tradition.

The local cuisine offers a mixture of Slav dishes, Austro-Hungarian cakes, soups from Friuli as well as Oriental spices.

Among this ethnic and cultural melting pot, however, there is a typical Italian flavour, the espresso coffee, which can be enjoyed in one of the many caffé (historic coffee houses). Going to these coffee houses is a traditional habit and a great pleasure for those who want to spend their time alone or in company. In Trieste coffee houses have always been venues for cultural events and meeting points of peoples. Trieste as a city was once the main port city of the Austria-Hungarian Empire and many of the most peculiar landmarks of the city today go back to the Habsburg period.

Trieste is also characterized by the liberty style, the rationalist architecture and by the more modern architecture of some public buildings. As a free-trade city, it soon became a venue for different populations such as Greek, Hebrew, Swiss, Germans, Slavs and English and, consequently, a meeting place for different religions too. The city hosts a Jewish temple, the Greek-Orthodox Church of San Nicolò, the Serbian-Orthodox Church of San Spiridione and an Evangelist Church. Among the many Catholic Churches, San Giusto Cathedral is the most famous one as it is the symbol of the civil and religious life of the city itself.

The stretch of coast below the lighthouse is called Barcola: it is a renowned area where the sailing boats competition “Coppa d’Autunno Barcolana” (Barcolana’s Autumn Cup) takes place every year, on the second Sunday of October.  More than one thousand boats coming from all over the world join the local competitors to celebrate this event which is not only a competition but also a celebration of the sea.

The well known Opicina tram links Trieste to Opicina. It climbs up a steep track despite the Bora wind (annual winds that sometimes reach 150 kph). Another town in the province of Trieste is Aurisina, whose name means “paese sul ciglione” (town on the cliff), which is located between the Carso and the sea. Sgonico is famous for the Grotta Gigante (Giant Cave), which was discovered during the mid 19th Century and open to the public since 1908. It is characterized by outstanding calcite concretions. The ancient village Monrupino was an important outpost since the Middle Ages, it consists of an intricate maze of narrow alleys and steep slopes.


Traveling along the Trieste Provinces coastline you can reach Miramare castle. Surrounded by white towers, it stands on top of a small promontory among a huge park. Maximilian of Habsburg, the brother of Frances Joseph and Emperor of Austria, decided to live in Trieste and had this romantic palace built for his love of Charlotte. Even though a tragic destiny conspired against the two unlucky lovers, their presence lives on today in the stunning rooms of the castle, decorated and furnished according to the 19th century fashion.

The hills of the Carso are made up of limestone that has been eroded over the years by wind and rain, it has always been considered a desolate place.  The Carso surface shows dolinas, rocky land riveted by rain and while the surface seems only to be white stony ground beneath so of Europe's most extensive cave systems.  The entire area is dotted with small churches, strongholds and castles, which were built on the remains of an ancient “castellieri” (prehistoric fortresses).

There are several wine cellars of country houses that sell wine and other home made products. The wine Terrano, grown in the “red land” is the local product and can be tasted everywhere.

Situated on the mountainous coastline, Duino is characterized by the castle of counts Torre and Tasso, which dates back to XIII century, and also by the remains of an ancient fortress built around 1000. 

Duino is linked to Sistiana by the Rilke pathway. This path winds along the cliffs and was named after the Romantic German poet Rilke who took his inspiration for his Duinesi poems in this very place. The track goes through the white stony ground of the Carso upland allowing the visitor to discover a landscape with a peculiar flora and fauna.  Sistiana is a renowned tourist area known for its beach and swimming areas, this village is characterized by its tourist port.

Outside Trieste, eastwards, is Muggia, a tiny village with narrow alleys which remind us of Venice and its atmosphere. Its history is mainly related to that of the Serenissima Republic. In order to remain loyal to Venice, Muggia parted from Trieste in the XIII century and was controlled by the Venetian republic in the following centuries. The village is surrounded by Medieval walls and is characterized by a 14th-century castle. Every February, Muggia prepares itself for Carnival which is, as a matter of fact, a joyous medieval feast.

The province of Trieste offers the visitor a varity of landscapes and cultural interest.  One should not miss the chance to visit one of Europe's more fabled but lesser known citys.




Gulf of Trieste | Friuli Venezia Region


barcolana trieste

The Gulf of Trieste is a very shallow bay of the Adriatic Sea, in the extreme northern part of the sea. It is part of the Gulf of Venice and is shared by Italy, Slovenia and Croatia. It is closed to the south by the peninsula of Istria, the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea, shared between Croatia and Slovenia. The entire Slovenian sea is part of the Gulf of Trieste.

The gulf of Trieste is limited by an imaginary line connecting the Punta Tagliamento on the Italian and Savudrija (Punta Salvore) on the Croatian coast. Its area is approximately , its average depth is , and its maximum depth is . With the exception of flat islets blocking the entrance to Laguna di Grado, there are no islands in the gulf. Its eastern coasts, with Trieste and the Slovenian Littoral, have more rugged relief. The sea current in the gulf flows counterclockwise. Its average speed is 0.8 knots. Tides in the gulf are among the largest in the Adriatic Sea, but nevertheless do not usually exceed . The average salinity is 37-38 ‰, but in the summer it falls under 35‰. Its most prominent features are:

  • Bay of Panzano in Italy
  • Bay of Muggia in Italy
  • Bay of Koper (Capodistria) in Slovenia
  • Gulf of Piran (Pirano), the sovereignty over which has been a matter of dispute between Croatia and Slovenia since 1991.

Monfalcone | Friuli Venezia Region



Monfalcone (in the local Bisiac dialect: Mofalcòn) is a town and comune of the province of Gorizia ( Friuli-Venezia Giulia, northern Italy), located on the coast of the Gulf of Trieste. Monfalcone means "Mount of Falcon" in Italian. It is a major industrial centre for manufacturing ships, airplanes, textiles, chemicals and refined oil. It is the home of Fincantieri Cantieri Navali Italiani.

Monfalcone is the fifth most populous town in Friuli - Venezia Giulia and the main centre of Bisiacaria territory. Joined to its neighbourhoods, it reaches about 50,000 inhabitants. The town lies between the Carso hills and the Adriatic Sea, being the northernmost port of the Mediterranean Sea.



  • Rocca (Castle). Of medieval origin (according to a legend, it was founded by Theoderic the Great, King of the Ostrogoths), its current appearance dates to the Venetian restorations in the early 16th century. The interior houses a speleology exhibition.
  • Park of World War I
  • Karst (Carso) area
  • Cathedral of Sant'Ambrogio

Muggia | Friuli Venezia Region



Muggia, Trieste Province in the Friuli Venezia Region of Italy, (Friulian: Mugle, Venetian: Muia)) is an Italian comune in the extreme south-east of the province lying on the border with Slovenia. Muggia rests on the last stretch of Istria still within Italian territory, after the dissolution of the Free Territory of Trieste in 1954 ceded the bulk of Istria to then Yugoslavia (now divided between Slovenia and Croatia). Its territory, limited on the sea-side by a shoreline of more than featuring a coastal road and on the border side by a hill system, Monti di Muggia, including Mt. Castellier, Mt. S. Michele, Mt. Zuc and Monte d'Oro, that dominate over a vast landscape of Italian and Istrian coast, is characterized by a rich sub-continental vegetation of both Carsic and Istrian type. It has a border crossing, known as San Bartolomeo, with Slovenia and the extreme west of the comune at Lazaretto. The Slovenian border crossing is called Lazaret in Koper municipality.


Muggia provides many evident traces of its Venetian traditions and origin, as showed by the dialect, the gastronomic traditions, the gothic-venetian style of some houses, the devious "calli", the loggias, the ogive arches, the ancient coats of arms on the façades but mostly the main square, a true Venetian "campiello". Memories of its early ages include an important pre-historic "castelliere" on Mt. Castellier (S. Barbara) and Roman (Archaeological Park of CastrumMuglae) and medieval remains in Muggia Vecchia (Old Muggia), once one of the guarding castles that in the 10th century were built to defend the Istrian border against the invasion of the Hungars. The Castle of Muggia, destroyed in 1353 by the Triestines, retains several remains of the previous period such as the ruins of the walls. A tower dating back to 1374 was due to the Patriarch of Aquileia Marquard of Muggia. Later in 1735, under the government of the Republic of Venice, it was restored, but it was totally abandoned during the following century. The Castle was restored by its current owners, the sculptor Villi Bossi and his wife Gabriella, and may be visited upon request. The most important art attraction is the little basilica of Santa Maria Assunta (10th-13th century), housing frescoes from the 14th-15th centuries.


Sistiana | Friuli Venezia Region



Sistiana (Slovene: Sesljan) is a town in the Trieste Province of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, in the far northeast of Italy near the Slovene border. It is a frazione of the comune of Duino-Aurisina. The village lies north-west of Trieste. The name is derived from the Latin Sextilianum, which may represent the first Roman settlement in the region of Trieste. A Roman villa has been discovered nearby, and the local quarries were exploited in the 2nd century AD. There were border clashes in the 16th century between the lords of Duino and the city of Trieste.

Trieste | Friuli Venezia Region



The city of Trieste is a city and seaport in northeastern Italy. The city is capital of the Trieste Province in the Friuli Venezia Region.  It is situated towards the end of a narrow strip of Italian territory lying between the Adriatic Sea and Slovenia, which lies almost immediately south and east of the city. Trieste is located at the head of the Gulf of Trieste and throughout history it has been influenced by its location at the crossroads of Latin, Slavic, and Germanic cultures. In 2009, it had a population of about 205,000.

Trieste was one of the oldest parts of the Habsburg Monarchy. In the 19th century, it was the most important port of one of the Great Powers of Europe. As a prosperous seaport in the Mediterranean region, Trieste became the fourth largest city of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (after Vienna, Budapest, and Prague). In the fin-de-siecle period, it emerged as an important hub for literature and music. It underwent an economic revival during the 1930s, and Trieste was an important spot in the struggle between the Eastern and Western blocs after the Second World War. Today, the city is in one of the richest regions of Italy, and has been a great centre for shipping, through its port ( Port of Trieste), shipbuilding and financial services.

Trieste lies in the northernmost part of the high Adriatic in northeastern Italy, near the border with Slovenia. The city lies on the Gulf of Trieste. Built mostly on a hillside that becomes a mountain, Trieste's urban territory lies at the foot of an imposing escarpment that comes down abruptly from the Carso Plateau towards the sea. The karst landforms close to the city reach an elevation of 458 metres (1,502 ft) above sea level. It lies on the borders of the Italian geographical region, the Balkan Peninsula, and the Mitteleuropa.


Villa Opicina | Friuli Venezia Region


tram opicina 1

Villa Opicina, also spelled Opicina (Triestine: Opcina), is a town in north-eastern Italy, close to the Slovenian border at Fernetti. The first town in Slovenia after the border is Se┼żana, which is also where the first railway station in Slovenia is located after Villa Opicina. It is a frazione of the comune of Trieste, the provincial and regional capital. It is located on the Carso Plateau 3 miles north of Trieste, a seaport on the Adriatic Sea. The railway station serves trains entering Italy from Slovenia, but does not provide a direct service to Trieste. The Opicina Tramway, a unique hybrid tramway and funicular railway links Villa Opicina village with Piazza Oberdan in Trieste city centre. There are also buses which link Villa Opicina railway station, the village center and Trieste.

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