RIVERS IN ITALY
The Italian rivers are shorter than those in other European regions. This is because the Apennines run the entire length of the peninsula dividing the water into two opposite sides. And the Alps and Dolomites in the North empty into the Paduaian Plain. However, this geography have created hundreds of rivers throughout Italy due to abundant rainfall, and the snowfields and glaciers in northern alpine regions Italy.
The fundamental water basin divide follows the crest of the Alps and the Apennines and is defined by five main sides, corresponding to the seas in which rivers flow the Adriatic, Ionian, Tyrrhenian and Ligurian Mediterranean. If you take into account the origin and branch streams you can divide the rivers Italian into two main groups: the rivers of the Po valley and the rivers of the Apennine.
The longest river is the Italian Po ( 652 km ), which flows from Monviso, runs along the Po Valley from west to east, emptying into the Po Delta, on the Adriatic Sea. In addition to being the longest, the Po also is the largest river basin, with the largest volume of flow at the mouth. The second is the longest Italian river the Adige (410 km), whose head waters start near the Reschensee and ends near Chioggia, in the Adriatic Sea. The third longest river in Italy is the Tiber River (405 km), starting in the Emilia Romagna Region and flows into the Tyrrhenian Sea. After the Tiber, the Adda River (313 km) and the Oglio River (280 km) are the next longest.
There are hundreds of smaller rivers thought Italy.
ADIGE RIVER | ITALY
The Adige is a river with its source in the Alpine province of Bolzano near the Italian border with Austria and Switzerland. At in length, it is the second longest river in Italy, after the Po river at . The river sources near the Reschen Pass close to the borders with Austria and Switzerland above the Inn valley. It flows through the artificial alpine Lake Reschen. The lake is known for the church tower that marks the site of the former village of Alt Graun ("Old Graun"); it was evacuated and flooded in 1953 after the dam was finished. Near Glurns, the Rom river joins from the Swiss Val Müstair.
The Adige runs eastbound through the Vinschgau to Merano, where it is met by the Passer river from the north. The section between Merano and Bolzano is called the Etschtal, meaning Adige Valley. South of Bolzano, the river is joined by the Eisack and turns south through a valley which has always been one of the major migration routes through the Alps, connecting the Reschen and the Brenner passes considered the easiest of the main Alpine passes. The Chiusa di Salorno narrows at Salorno mark the southernmost part of the predominantly German-speaking province of Bolzano (Alto Adige).
The Adige was mentioned in the " Lied der Deutschen" of 1841 as the southern border of the German language area (which it still is). In 1922 Germany adopted the song as its national anthem, although by that time Italy had taken control of all of the Adige. Near Trento, the Avisio, Noce, and Fersina rivers join. The Adige crosses Trento Province and later Veneto Region, flowing past the city of Rovereto, Verona and the town Adria through the Lagarina Valley and the north-eastern part of the Po Plain into the Adriatic Sea. The Adige and the Po run parallel in the river delta without properly joining. The Adige is connected through artificial underground canals to Lake Garda for flood prevention, the Mori-Torbole tunnel.
BACCHIGLIONE RIVER | ITALY
The Bacchiglione (Latin Medoacus minor) is a river that flows through northern Italy. It starts in the Alps and empties into the Gulf of Venice, on the Adriatic Sea, near Chioggia. It flows past a number of cities, including the Vicenza and Padua, and acted for many centuries as a significant waterway up to Vicenza, after which it ceases to be navigable. Recently, the Bacchiglione has gained a reputation for containing water dangerous to drink.
BRENTA RIVER | ITALY
You find the Brenta River in the Trento Province and the Veneto Region of northern Italy. As with most river systems the Brenta river's history and structure has followed the development of the cultures that have settled along its edges. The river begins at Lago Caldonazzo in the upper part of Valsugana, the valley that leads from Bassano del Grappa to Trento. Passing Bassano del Grappa the Brenta River crosses the Veneto plain to Padova before turning east to the Venezia lagoon.
Prior to the 12th century the area between Padua and Venice was a silted delta filled with reed beds and malaria due to large floods that occurred regulary. It was during the 12th century that Venice and other city states on the main land started to make canals and developed methods to control the flooding. Because of the importance of the rivers and canals for trade routes Venice started to branch out from the lagoons surrounding the city so that they could better control distribution of goods. As well, the Venezian's were worried about the silt building up in the lagoon. The lagoon had become the primary defensive line protecting the city of Venice.
Thanks to Leonardo di Vinci’s development of a locks system the Venezians constructed four canals in the area to divert water from the central parts of the lagoon to south. The Naviglio Brenta or Brenta Canal, that travelers see today is the result of this canal with a system of locks and swing bridges to ease navigatation. Combined with a floor that moved the rivers main river bed futher south the canals diverted the main flow of the river south of lagoon near Chiaggo.
OUTDOOR RECREATION ALONG THE BRENTA RIVER
PIAVE RIVER | ITALY
The Piave is a river in northern Italy. It begins in the Italian Dolomites of the Belluno Province and flows southeast through the Treviso Province and Venice Province of the Veneto Region, before reaching the Adriatic Sea near the city of Venice. In 1809 it was the scene of a battle during the Napoleonic Wars, in which Franco-Italian and Austrian forces clashed. In 1918, during World War I, it was the scene of Battle of the Piave River, the last major Austro-Hungarian attack on the Italian Front, which failed after costing Austria-Hungary nearly 200,000 casualties. The Battle of the Piave was the decisive battle of World War I on the Italian Front. The river is thus called in Italy Fiume Sacro alla Patria (Sacred River of the Homeland) and is mentioned in the patriotic song " La leggenda del Piave".
LIVENZA RIVER | ITALY
The Livenza is a river in the Italian provinces of Pordenone, Treviso and Venice. Its source is near Polcenigo and Caneva in Pordenone. It flows in a southeasterly direction past Sacile and forms the border between the provinces of Pordenone and Treviso roughly between Brugnera and Motta di Livenza. It continues to flow in a southeasterly direction, forming the border between the provinces of Treviso and Venice before flowing into the province of Venice near Santo Stino di Livenza. It flow near La Salute di Livenza and finally enters the Adriatic Sea near Caorle.
TAGLIAMENTO RIVER | ITALY
The Tagliamento is a river in north-east Italy, flowing from the Alps to the Adriatic Sea at a point between Trieste and Venice. The source is in the Mauria Pass, on the border between the regions of Veneto and Friuli-Venezia Giulia. In the upper section, it flows through the historic Carnia region, in the northern part of the province of Udine. In the middle and lower sections, it first sets the boundary between the provinces of Udine and Pordenone and later between the former and the Province of Venice. Finally, it flows into the Gulf of Venice between Lignano Sabbiadoro and Bibione. The watershed covers an area of with a population of approximately 165,000. The watershed lies almost entirely in Carnia and the other mountain valleys of Friuli. 86.5% of the watershed is in the Province of Udine. The main towns along its banks are Latisana and San Michele al Tagliamento. In the vicinity of the river are the following towns: Tolmezzo, Gemona del Friuli, San Daniele del Friuli, Spilimbergo, Casarsa della Delizia, Codroipo, San Vito al Tagliamento, Pinzano al Tagliamento.