Basic Equipment Needed for Hiking In Italy

basic equipment needed for hicking in italy

Lago Misurina Hiking the Mountains of Italy

It is necessary, indeed vital, for the hiker to have good mountain equipment. These days the market offers a huge range and variety of all sorts of products and technical specialities for use in all seasons. A trained, professional sales assistant can help you to choose the best product for your needs, but we feel obliged to offer some advice of our own.

he choice of underwear is extremely important. The traditional cotton and wool garments have been replaced by products in polypropylene and other materials, often combined with polyester or newly-designed materials (the textile industry evolves continually, and by the time this guide is published, even more innovative products will probably be available), which have the advantage of expelling sweat and thus keeping the body dry.

The famous “grandma” style thick woolly socks are now almost a distant memory, and today hikers use products created with synthetic fibres of various types, which are warm and allow the skin to breathe. To protect their legs, many hillwalkers use very light nylon knee-length socks (women’s pop-socks), which give excellent protection to the skin and a fine natural wrap for the muscles.

Hiking boots must be chosen with particular care. In the southern part of the route, light trekking shoes are sufficient, but on the snow- covered mountains of the northern sector it is vital to have a more technical, robust type of footwear, specifically designed for that kind of terrain, and to which crampons can be applied if need be.
Sunglasses are indispensable at least when crossing areas covered in snow.

Knickerbocker type trousers, comfortable as they are, are rarely worn in Italy, although they are still popular in other countries. The kind of trousers normally worn these days are long, very technical (i.e. light, elasticised, with numerous pockets, brightly coloured to aid visibility, water-resistant, etc.); there is a vast range of choice, depending on individual taste and budget.

The old-style heavy woolen shirts have also been replaced by synthetic fabrics (fleece), but you can also find excellent models in breathable cotton or other fibres that the market offers hikers, who want to keep up with the times (and with fashion).

Fleece is an exceptional fabric, which has been used for years now and is continually evolving, allowing the hiker to wear a splendid sweater which is lightweight, breathable, warm, waterproof and comfortable.

The same material is also common these days for gloves and hats.

It is not difficult to choose a good wind-cheater jacket. Polyamide jackets are the lightest, the most waterproof and also breathable. Unfortunately the high price puts many people off buying this extremely useful type of technical jacket, but if you take advantage of the sales, and ignore fashion trends, you can save a lot.

Telescopic walking sticks, adaptable and extremely lightweight, are very useful in ascent because they save you about 30% of the effort; they are practically indispensable for anyone with any kind of knee problems because they lighten the burden of the rucksack, transferring some of its weight onto the arms, which should therefore be kept in good shape. Even this extremely useful piece of equipment has its limits, however: it should not be used when crossing on ledges or on steep paths half way up the mountainside, for example, because they can cause you to lose your balance and trip; it should not be used anywhere you need to use one or both of your hands on the rock; it is not recommended in steep descent; if they get stuck between the shoulder straps of you rucksack and your back, they can collide with the rock and cause you to lose your balance.

It is unadvisable to carry too big a rucksack, because it gets in the way on difficult stretches; an average size rucksack is sufficient, with a few useful pockets to carry recommended items: personal documents, cellphone (very useful; it has saved many lives, although it cannot be used everywhere), membership card of mountaineering associations, to get discounts in the refuges, topographical maps and guides, a pen and perhaps a diary, Swiss knife, water flask, compass and altimeter, camera, first aid items (especially common ones such as painkillers, vitamin C, saline integrators, plasters, gauzes, bandages, thermometer, and anything else the individual hiker might need) and all those little accessories that personal experience and requirements demand.

Never forget a change of underwear, socks, handkerchiefs, sheets in synthetic fibre (on sale in many refuges), sleeping bag-lightweight bivouac for emergencies (you can buy them at a reasonable price, and they weigh about 200g), something to shelter you from the rain (the old-fashioned cap is not often used these days, with hikers preferring a small umbrella, which must, however, be able to stay up in strong wind), lightweight climbing shoes or other footwear for use inside the refuges, a waterproof cotton hat (the “desert” type is best, as it protects you from UV rays and also covers the neck and ears). A length (about 20 meters) of lightweight rope is useful, as well as some snap-links.

On the vie ferrate it is compulsory to use a helmet, snap-links and a ferrata harness , so these should also be carried in your rucksack. Crampons are also necessary (on the market you can find an extremely lightweight model for hillwalking, which is quite sufficient.

To tackle the Europa High-Altitude Trail 6 it is not indispensable to have a rope, but it is certainly useful for some rocky stretches, ice-cove- red rock plates or other cases in which help might be required. In the case of groups walking together, members could take turns carrying the rope.

Those who want to experience the old-style climbing environment can experience the beauty and majesty of the mountains by spending the night in a tent, curled up in a warm sleeping bag, sometimes lulled to sleep by rain falling softly on the roof. The only price to be paid for such an unforgettable experience is a few extra kilos to carry!

Extremely important: NEVER forget to bring adequate water supplies and, of course, a little food for daily use, which you can buy in the various refuges, without weighing down your rucksack at the outset with all manner of urban delicacies

Basic Guidelines On How To Behave In The Event Of An Accident


  • Stay calm and do not act impulsively, try to evaluate the particular situation
  • Evaluate the general situation (environment) and the specific situation (the accident). Try to identify actual and possible dangers.
  • Immediately adopt measures to avoid and prevent further risks.
  • Request help by immediately calling 140 in Austria, or 118 in Italy. The European freephone emergency number is 112, which puts you through directly to the nearest police headquarters.

What to say when you call 140 in Austria and 118 in Italy

  • Supply precise information about the injured person/s (name, surname, residence) and the telephone number from which you are calling, if possible.
  • Give details on the location of the accident or visual references that can help identify the spot easily, such as: mountain group, side, path, via ferrata, valley, channel, ledge, rest, crest, gully, etc... Give a brief summary of the accident stating the time at which it happened.
  • Specify the number of injured and their condition.
  • Describe the weather conditions, especially visibility. Highlight any obstacles in the area with particular reference to power lines and cables, chair-lifts and ski-lifts and any other overhanging cables that could get in the way.
  • Give any other information that could aid the operation (peo- ple present, particular obstacles or difficulties etc.)
  • Explain precisely how to reach the place where the accident happened, or where the injured person is.
  • Indicate the presence of other people on the spot who witnes- sed the accident, and in particular, if they are able to help.
  • Search interventions for missing or lost persons
  • Specify date and time of departure.
  • Describe the method of transport used to reach the spot (if car, specify number plate, model, colour, appearance, characteristics etc.). Indicate destination and chosen route and/or probable or possible fixed objectives (hill walking, ferrata, climbing etc.). Give the number of walking or climbing companions and their hill-walking or mountaineering abilities and experience. Describe clothing (paying particular attention to colour) and materials and food supplies carried.
  • Inform of any psychological, physical, family or social problems.
  • Communicate information already given to other bodies and/ or organisations.
  • Supply any other useful information regarding the subject(s), location and general environmental conditions.

Interventions in case of avalanche

  • As for previous points 1 and 2.
  • Give the exact or presumed number of people swept away and the exact or presumed number of people buried.
  • Specify the brand and model of apparatus used for searching the persons swept away by the avalanche.
  • Identify the presence of any witnesses able to give an exact account of what happened:
  • If a visual-auditory- apparatus search has been carried out:
  • Provide a brief description of the avalanche (size and characteristics) and the exact point where the people were swept away
  • and/or disappeared (right, left, above, below etc.);
  • objects already extracted and their position, as for previous
  • point above.

other information and particulars that can help the intervention.

De Luca Innerkofler Vie Ferrate


Innerkofler Vie Ferrate

Italy Travel Guide - vie Ferrate Dolomite's

It is a great walk through the history of the First World War and spectacular landscapes of the Dolomite National Park.  The path takes you through the tunnels and battle positions of WWI and at the same time gives you some impressive points of view of the Tre Cima di Lavaredo, one of the most recognized symbols of the Dolomite's. The route peaks out at 2744 meters and is very popular, so make sure you are always attentive of rock fall and wear a helmet. 


MOUNTAIN GROUP Sesto Mountain Group Dolomite's
MAIN PEAK Monte Paterno
NEAREST TOWN Cortina d'Ampezza Italy
TIME OF YEAR June to September (depending on snow conditions)
TIME OF WALK 4 hours
DIFFICULITY Level 1 (Easy or Blue route)
SUGGESTED GEAR Ferrate Kit, Flashlight for the tunnels

Fort Campolongo Hike | Asiago


forte campolongo 

Great one day hike to explore the old forts of the First World War.


START POING:Rifugio Campolongo
LENGTH: 5 Km (roundtrip)
ELEVATION GAIN: 180 metres
MAX ELEVATION: 1720 meters a.s.l.

Starting from Asiago you reach Canove along the State road to Vicenza and at the roundabout takes to Roana (3.5 Km). By Roana cross Mezzaselva and straightness of Rotzo follow the signs towards Monte Verena and chalet at Campomulo, on the right of the intersection where there is the Church. Climb the great paved road until the crossroads on the left clearly visible, to Caicedo.

Car parking point: Parking and Shelter Campolongo

Four Thousand Meter Peaks in the Italian Alps


Cervino Italian Alps

Primary Mountain Summitsare noted in BOLDfont- all other points listed are recognized high points and peaks on a primary mountain or along various routes. 

Location Mountain Peak Height (Meters
  Mont Blanc 4807
  Mont Blanc de Courmayeur 4748
  Dufourspitze 4634
  Mont Rosa Grenzgipfel 4618
  Nordend 4609
  Dufourspitze-western fore-sommeit 4600
  Mont Blanc Freney Gr. Chandelle 4600
  Zumsteinspitze 4556
  Signalkuppe - east ridge gendarme 4550
  Mont Blanc Petite Bosse 4547
  Dom 4545
  Nordend - top of south ridge 4542
  Liskamm 4527
  Mont Blanc Grand Bosse 4513
  Weisshorn 4505
  Dufourspitze higer west ridge summit 4469
  Taschhorn 4490
  Dom - western fore- summit  4499
  Liskamm west summit 4479
  Matterhorn 4478
  Matterhorn west summit 4476
  Mont Blanc southwest ridge, Pic Luigi Amadeo 4469
  Dom northeast ridge summit 4468
  Mont Maudit 4465
  Zumsteinspitze -southwest ridge 4463
  Liskamm west summit 4450
  Parrotspitze 4436
  Taschhorn north ridge summit 4404
  Dufourspitze - lower west ridge 4385
  Weisshorn higher north ridge 4362
  Dent Blanche 4356
  Mont Maudit northeast summit 4336
  Kuskamm east shoulder (Cima Scoperta) 4335
  Weisshorn northe ridge 4331
  Nadelhorn  4327
  Schwarzhorn 4322
  Grand Combin 4311
  Ludwigshohe 4311
  Mont Blanc, Dome du Gouter 4304
  Dufourspitze, lower west ridge summit 4280
  Lenzspitze  4294
  Liskamm, Naso 4273
  Finsteraarhorn 4273
  Aiguille du Croissant 4250
  Mont Blanc du Tacul 4248
  Mont Blanc du Tacul east summit 4247
  Mont Blanc south ridge Gr Pilierd'Angle 4243
  Stecknadelhorn 4241
  Pic Tyndall  (Matterhorn) 4241
  Castor 4228
  Zinalrothorn 4221
  Hohberghorn 4219
  Vicent Piramide 4215
  Grandes Jorasses 4208
  Alphubel 4206
  Castor north summit 4205
  Weisshorn, smaller north ridge gendarme 4205
  Weisshorn, lover north ridge summit 4203
  Liskamm southwest ridge  4201
  Zinalrothorn Kanzei 4200
  Rimpfischhorn 4199
  Aletschhorn 4195
  Strahlhorn 4190
  Taschhorn southeast ridge shoulder summit 4175
  Felikhorn  4174
  Dent d'Herens 4171
  Balmenhorn 4167
  Finsteraarhorn - southeast fore-summit 4167
  Breithorn 4464
  Breithorn, central summit 4159
  Jungrau 4158
  Bishorn 4153
  Zinalrothorn Bosse (north ridge) 4150
  Grand COmbin de Tsessetta 4141
  Western Breithornzwilling 4139
  Pointe Burnaby 4135
  Alguille Verte 4122
  Zinalrothorn Gabeltrm 4120
  Isolee (P. Bianchard) 4114
  Aigulle Bianche (P. Gussfeldt) 4112
  Mont Blanc du Tacul Pointe Carmen 4109
  Weisshorn lowest north ridge 4109
  Rimpfischhorn north ridge gendarme 4108
  P. Androsace 4107
  P. Seymour King 4107
  Eastern Brethornzwilling 4106
  P. Jones 4104
  Grande Rocheuse 4102
  Barre des Ecrins 4101
  Pointe Croz 4101
  Zinalrothron Sphinx 4100
  Tour Roughe 4100
  Monch 4099
  Dent Blanche Grand Gendarme 4098
  Pointe Mediane 4097
  Felikjoch top 4093
  Pollux  4092
  Wengener Jungfrau 4089
  Finsteraarhorn northwest ridge 4088
  Pic Lory 4086
  Aletschhorn northeast ridge 4086
  Schreckhorn 4078
  Schwarzfluh Rocca Nera 4075
  P. Chaubert 4074
  Aletschhorn west northwest ridge 4071
  Mont Blanc du Tacul east face 4067
  Pointe Marguerite 4066
  Corne du Diable 4064
  Obergabelhorn 4063
  Gran Paradiso 4061
  Gran Paradiso Madonna sumit 4058
  Mont Brouillard 4053
  Aigulle de Bionassay 4052
  Piz Bernina 4049
  Gross-Fiescherhorn 4049
  Punta Giordani 4046
  Pointe Helene 4045
  Gross-Grunhorn 4044
  Lauteraarhorn 4042
  Pic Eccles 4041
  Dent d'Herens Epaule 4039
  Aigulle du Jardin 4035
  Durrenhorn 4035
  Allalinhorn 4027
  Mont Blanc du Tacul east slope 4027
  Il Roc 4026
  Pointe Eveline 4026
  Dufourspitze lowest west ridge tower 4026
  Hinter-Fiescherhorn 4025
  Weissmies 4023
  Pointe Croux 4023
  Bernina Spalla 4020
  Zinalrothorn Epaule 4017
  Dome de Rochefort 4015
  Dent du Geant 4013
  Punta Baretti 4013
  Lauteraarhorn northwest ridge summit 4011
  Lagginhorn 4010
  Rimpfischhorn west summit 4009
  Aigulle de Rochefort 4001
  Les Droites 4000

Giro di Monte Baldo Hiking Tour


Monte Baldo 3

This is a great walk around Monte Boldo, known as the botanic garden of Italy.  Panoramic walk along the crest of the mountain overlooking Lake Garda and the Adige Valley.  


START POINT: Avio, Trento Province
DISTANCE: Less than 15 km per day.
ELEVATION GAIN: 2300+ meters
DIFFICULTY:  Easy walk except for a 20 meter section on the third day that has a safety cord. You must be in shape to walk 5 to 6 hours per day.
SPECIAL NOTE: Make sure the Rifugio’s are open before departing.

Madonna della Corona

DAY 1: Starting in Avio 130 meters a.s.l. walking to Monte Baldo Refugio 1100 meters a.s.l.. You can arrive to Avio via train along the A22 motorway, once in Avio you will go to the Romanist Church where ‘Sentiero della Salute’.  Follow the Salute trail until linking up with SAT 652 trail which will take you to Rifugio Monte Baldo.  Elevation gain: 1050 meters, 4 hours average walk.

DAY 2: From Rifugio Monte Baldo 1100 meters a.s.l. to Rifugio Telegrafo 2147 meters a.s.l..  Following SAT 652 trail to ‘Via dell’Or’ than following ‘dei Bovi’ trail to reach Telegraph Rifugio. Elevation gain 1100 meters, 4 hours 30 minutes walk.

DAY 3: From Rifugio Telegrafo 2147 meters a.s.l. to Rifugio Altissimo 2060 meters a.s.l.. This is the most panoramica section of the walk  along the crest following SAT 651 trail, to reach Rifugio Altissimo. 5 to 6 hours walk.

DAY 4:  From Rifugio Altissimo 2060 meters a.s.l. to Avio 130 meters a.s.l..  Following trail SAT 651 to Bocca di Navene then taking SAT 80 trail to reach Prato Alpesina.  Then you follow the same trail to Madonna della Neve before returning down to Avio.  5 to 6 hours walk.

Monte Baldo 2


RIFUGIO MONTE BALDO 1100 meters a.s.l. - Tel. 0464-391553, cell 3281680820, email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
RIFUGIO TELEGRAFO ‘G. BARANA’: CAI Verona - Tel. 045-7731797
RIFUGIO ALTISSIMO ‘D. CHIESA’: SAT, Tel 0464-867130 - cell 3356395415, email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

HIke Monte Carega Route 4 | Piccolo Dolomiti


Piccole Dolomiti Cima Carega

Hike Italy - Piccolo Dolomiti

Less than one hour north of Verona is Bosco Chiesanuova and the starting point of this nice walk in the hills of the Lessinia. 

LOCATION Vicenza Veneto
MOUNTAIN GROUP Piccolo Dolomiti
PEAK Cima Caréga
ALTITUDE 1269-2259 meters
FACE South- North
TIME 6 hours Can be a good 2 day hike
Beauty 4 star
Total Ascent 1120 meters
Ferrata Ascent NA
Popularity busy on weekends
BEST SEASON From mid May to late September is peak season.
GEAR Hiking boots, rain gear, good layer system, basic emergency gear

Hike Passo Rolle to Cavallazza | Dolomites


passo rolle

Hike Italy - San Martino Dolomite Group

Nice day hike at upper evelvation in the Pale di San Martino Group.

Departure Point Passo di Rolle, 1980 meters
Access Public Transportation Yes, from Belluno or from Predazzo
Time of March 3 hr 45 min
Max Elevation 2324 meters
Elevation gain 530 meters
Map sheet: Kompass n. 76, 79
Difficulty Level: E - Hiking

Hike Tuscany


The best way to explore Tuscany is on foot. From the peaks of the Tuscan mountains to the Via Francigena, travellers and nature lovers can walk their way through the beauties of Tuscany. Walking through Tuscany, exploring it slowly to savour the details and nuances that are often missed. Trekking is a way of being in direct contact with nature and this incredible landscape. These are unique experiences that are very different from mass tourism.  

Tuscany is the ideal place for this kind of 'slow travel' because it offers a host of different landscapes—from the mountain peaks of the Apennines to the Tuscan Maremma. Step by step, excursionists always  find something spectacular and unexpected before them. A rich network of footpaths crosses the region: itineraries for all kinds of trekkers. From Sunday treks with the whole family in the region's natural parks to more difficult routes for mountain trekkers—the region offers a wealth of options.  

Unspoilt nature, routes with varying difficulty that can be combined with sports or cuisine: this is the Garfagnana. Here you'll find small medieval hamlets, where age-old traditions can still be experienced. A beautiful show of the white mountains of the Apuan Alps: marble that sparkles under the bright rays of the sun. Only here can you find such beauty.


For those who want to avoid high altitudes, Siena and its footpaths are a perfect alternative. With its ups and downs, Siena is ideal for urban trekking because it is the perfect marriage between physical activity and art. On the hills that surround Florence, some 170 km of paths await. Along the Ring of the Renaissance, trekkers will walk through ancient monasteries, castles, churches, towns until reaching the Tuscan capital.  

For those who prefer the seaside, the Costa degli Etruschi offers itineraries characterized by sky, land and sea. These itineraries can also be travelled by mountain bike or on horseback.

Hiking and Walking in Italy



If you’re planning on going hiking in Italy or anywhere, it’s a great way to get exercise, push your limits, and connect with the natural world. But like any outdoor activity, it comes with its share of dangers: weather, wild animals, poisonous plants, and so on. So if you want to get into the great outdoors and make it home again, brush up on these hiking safety tips.

Plan Ahead.

Know your hike and your terrain. Plan for the journey by researching the area on the web. Chances are good that the park's site will offer loads of online information about their best season, activities, trails, and even numbers for contacting the local rescue services. Some of these sites will even offer printable trail maps. Be sure to talk to a local Ranger prior to the hike, and ask for information regarding safety and environmental issues.

Know your environment.

Whether you are hiking the Italian Dolomites or the city of Venice, you must know your environment. Anytime humans interact with nature, there is a chance of injury. It's best to know which plants and animals in the area should be avoided.

It's also important to be very aware of weather. Research the weather patterns in your park before the hike. This way you can avoid the camping nightmare of waking up in a flooded tent. Although swimming may be on the adventure agenda, most hikers find they prefer to do it during the day and with prior planning.

Always start small

The first hike of the season should be a short excursion. Those who are just learning about surviving a night in the wilderness should not be very far from their base camp (home, car, campsite). Until a hiker completes their first aid training, they should never venture very far from proper medical attention. It's also good precaution to camp close enough to home for a quick sprint away from a rummaging raccoon or a spooky snake, or even a midnight trip to the restroom.

Know your water.

We all have visions of drinking from the crystal clear mountain brook babbling over the rocks after a hot hike, but beware of the water! Although it appears safe and clean to drink, most natural water sources have huge amounts of bacteria that can make brave adventurers very sick. Be sure to bring your own water or water filter for drinking. Although it may be fine to wash in the stream, a smart hiker will only drink purified water.

Be smart with food.

A backpack dinner of a smashed ham sandwich, chip crumbs, and a half of a granola bar can be compared to fine gourmet cooking when exploring the wilderness. After a hard day's hike, many adventurers thank their lucky stars for a feast from plastic, so good planning should surround the brave backpacker's dinner. Whether hiking in an area known to have bears or sloshing through streams, it's a good idea to keep all food in tightly sealed containers. If animals can smell your rations, they may want to explore further, and a hiker is generally very disappointed to find a fat, happy squirrel in their pack, rather than a salami sandwich.

Have a fire source.

In ancient civilisations of hunters and gatherers, one person was appointed the title of fire-bearer, and charged with the extremely important task of creating heat. The fire was central to the camp, keeping everyone warm and cooking a meal, so the fire-bearer's job was an important responsibility assigned only to the most intelligent, cautious, and mature members of the group. We recommend choosing your fire-bearer carefully and wisely to avoid forest fires and injury.

Whatever the weather, a hardened hiker will be able to spark a fire. This is a job for either the guide, the guardian, or Mom and Dad.

The fire-bearer should be well-versed in fire safety regulations, should know where they can build fires in the park, and should never leave the fire unattended. To get more information ask your local park ranger for fire-building advice. They will know whether it's the legal season for building fires, they will be able to direct your crew to a campsite with an existing fire ring, and they will probably even be able to tell you which wood you should burn for a cozy campfire.

Learn First Aid and carry a kit.

The best medicine for adventurers is that of prevention. By avoiding injury in the wild, everyone has fun and no one ends up in the hospital instead of swimming in the lake. But hikers can't plan for every instance, and sometimes there are accidents.

Know what to do in case of an emergency. By using first aid, a quick-thinking kid can save a friend's life. First aid training teaches ways to overcome stress in an emergency and react with courage. It also gives the knowledge of how to deal with specific types of injuries.

Carry field guides.

When you step into the alien world of a wilderness environment, you are likely to see plants, insects, and animals you never noticed before. Instead of trying to remember what the creatures looked liked until you get home, take a field guide for nature and look up the information on the spot. Find out if a plant is poisonous, match an animal to its name, or identify a species you've never seen. Field guides offer the opportunity for great outdoor study, and exceptional advice for mingling with nature. You can find field guide eBooks and apps, but the old fashioned books never run out of batteries.

Be careful what you pack!

The most important rule of hiking—be smart about what you pack. A beginning hiker generally becomes exhausted carrying a sack full of trail munchies, games, a phone, three sweaters, and a high-end camera.

Remember that you have to carry everything you pack for several miles there and back, so keep it light. Some essentials include a first aid kit, waterproof matches, an extra layer of clothing, a rain poncho, food, and water. If you want to take pictures, consider a lightweight digital to save the batteries on your phone.

Think before you step.

Complete common sense is sometimes lost in the excitement of the adventure. A mesmerised hiker may be staring at local wildlife, and trip over a tree root causing serious injury. This doesn't mean adventure walkers should stare only at the trail while hiking, but rather that they should be constantly aware of their surroundings.
Keep an eye on the trail well in front of where you are walking, and always consider the path before bounding forward, or you may find yourself lost in the briar patch with Br'er Rabbit. Stop moving long enough to take pictures of wildlife or research in a field guide. This allows all members of the group to grab a breath and enjoy the scenery before hitting the trail again.

Always carry out what you carry in.

The first rule with interacting with the environment is: Leave it as you found it. This rule applies to the trees, the earth, the animals, the campsite, and even the flowers. The caretakers of the wilderness areas and parks have dedicated their lives to preserving what one careless hand could destroy in a second. Show respect to Mother Nature. Carry out all of the garbage you carry in, don't feed the animals, and leave only footprints when you go. If everyone works together to preserve parks, wilderness, and other hiking areas, we will all be able to enjoy breathtaking hiking adventures in the future as well.

Know where you can get medical care.

Always be aware how far you may be from proper medical attention. Ask your Ranger for this information. They will be able to direct you to the nearest hospital or clinic prior to an accident. Knowing this information in advance could save someone's life.

Never hike alone.

NEVER- under any circumstances venture into the woods by yourself. Outdoor adventures are fun for the family, but hiking is only a group sport. The chances of becoming lost, sustaining injury, or losing supplies is much higher when alone, making the sport extremely dangerous. Always go with a group, tell someone where you are going and when you plan to return, and check in at the ranger station so they are aware of your location.

Don't don and doff layers continually.

Though it is good to dress in layers, choose which layers, and stick with them for a time. Otherwise, you will exhaust yourself and try the patience of the group you are with. It's generally better to be a little cool than too hot, but don't change unless you are really getting uncomfortable.

Put the slowest hiker in front and pace the group to that person.

This works great in a group of differing ages! With the fast hikers in the front, they have a tendency to spread out too much. Then someone small at the back gets exhausted running to keep up. If you do divide into faster and slower groups, the one ahead should never get too far ahead and should stop and let the others catch up on a regular basis.

Take regular breaks.

Make sure that kids are drinking water. In very hot areas dehydration is especially dangerous.

Avoid sunburn.

Wear a head and arm coverings in sunny or high altitude areas, and use sunblock.

Pace Yourself!

Encourage kids not to exhaust themselves early in a hike. Sometimes little ones run at the beginning, run out of energy and have to be carried. Remember: it is not the destination that teaches, but the journey itself!

Although we may never reach the tallest mountains via granola bars and hiking boots, the time spent traversing nature is a special time. We talk, explore, learn, and exercise as a group. There are interesting people and animals along the way. We even learn to help a friend who is hurt through first aid training. We all work together to achieve the end of the trail as brave and seasoned outdoor adventurers

Hiking in the Euganean Hills


colli eugenia hiking trails



N. 2 - CENTRAL EUGANEAN HILLS (printed brochure unavailable)







N. 9 - MOUNT VENDA TRAIL (a trail with a stretch designed for those with impaired motor skills)




N. 13 Unlisted trail





Hiking Mt Lessini to Tre Croci Traverse | Prealps


monti lessini

Hike Italy - Piccolo Dolomite's

Less than one hour north of Verona is Bosco Chiesanuova and the starting point of this nice walk in the hills of the Lessinia.

LOCATION Vicenza Veneto
MOUNTAIN GROUP Piccolo Dolomiti
PEAK Cima Caréga
ALTITUDE 769-1890 meters
FACE South
TIME 6 hours
Total Ascent 1000 meters
Ferrata Ascent NA
BEST SEASON From mid May to late September is peak season.
GEAR Hiking boots, rain gear, good layer system, basic emergency gear




Hiking Pale di S. Martino Traverse


pale di san martino

Hike Italy - Dolomite Mountains

A wonderful relaxing hike across the Pale di San Martino Group, starting in S Martino di Castrozza we take the lift up to Col Verde.

MOUNTAIN GROUP Pale di San Martino Mountain Group
PEAK Cimon d. Pain
ALTITUDE 2500 meters
TIME 2 day activity
Total Ascent 2100 meters
Ferrata Ascent 600 meters
Popularity High
BEST SEASON Late June to Mid September
GEAR Full hiking gear for overnight stay (helment, harness and slings for ferrata).

Hiking Piz Boe | Sella Mountains


Hiking the Italian Dolomite. Cima Piz Boe


Hiking Tour in the Italian Dolomite's across the Sella Mountain Group to its highest Peak, Piz Boé at 3,152 metres.

This is one of the must do walks in the Dolomite's if you are looking for a great day of hiking.  The views are breathtaking and unforgottable, if I had to recommend one walk this would be top on my list.

Mountain Group:Sella Mountain Group Dolomites
Region: Trentino Alto Adige Region
Province: Bolzano Province

Starting point: Sas Pordoi cable car (Passo Pordoi, Canazei)
Trail numbers: SAT 627, 638, AV 2
Time of Year: 15 June - 15 Sept (depending on Snow)
Length: 4 km (one way)
Walking time: 1.5 - 2 hours (one way)
Elevation Gain: 370 m (one way)
Max Elevation: 3,152 metres asl
Local information: A.P.T. Val di Fassa, tel. 0462 609 500

Hike Italian Dolomite's. Piz Boe


The best place to baseyourself for this adventure is Canazei, from there you have several hiking options.  To get to Canazei.

By Train
Closest railway stations is Trento, Bolzano and Ora.
Using Train in Italy: Ferrovie dello Stato (Italian State Railways)

By Bus
There are weekly connections with coach lines from Italy's main cities (Milan, Rome, Bologna, Florence, Genoa, Venice, etc.) Using buses in Italy

Daily bus connections from the railway stations of Trento (ATESINA), Bolzano (SAD) and from Ora (SAD), change at Predazzo.


Hiking Italian Dolomites, Passo Pordio

The start point for the hiike is Passo Pordoi (2,240 metres),which sits above town of Canazei, in the Val di Fassa of the Trento Province.  Here you either take the cable car up to the 2,947 metres high Mount Sass Pordoi, or hike the trail (1.5 hr) up to the Pordio Pass. This  hike is on the southwest boarder of the Sella mountain range so there is generaly good sun on the entire walk. From the Cable car you will pick up Alpine trail number 627, this will lead over to the Pordoi pass and refugio Boe.  (a section of this trail is part of the Alta Vie Route no 2, one the great multiday routes in the Dolomites.

Hiking Italian Dolomites, Passo Pordio
There is a refugio in the pass if you need a bit to eat or water, there is no other water soource until you reach Refugio Capanna Fassa.  You will cross the typical moon-like landscape of the upper Dolomite's on your way to Rifugio Boé, which lies at the upper end of the Val di Mezdí.

Hiking Italian Dolomites, Sella Group
Before reaching the Rifugio Boé, trail no. 638 branches off to the right, towards the peak of Mount Piz Boé. From here, the trail starts to rise steeply upwards with the most difficult sections are secured by ropes. Ferrate gear is recommended for the route.

Hiking Italian Dolmites, Piz Boe

After two hours of hiking, we finally arrive at the peak of Mount Piz Boé with its peak cross, the tiny wooden rifugio Capanna Fassa and its wonderful 360°- view of the surrounding Dolomites peaks: Fanes, Marmolata, Sassolungo, and Odle.

If you would like to hike on the shorter but steeper trail, just follow the signpost “Capanna Fassa / Piz Boe” at the Pordoi mountain pass.

Hiking the Brenta Alta Route


dolomiti di brenta rifugio alimonta



One of the best hikes in the Dolomiti.

Sitting to the west of Trento is the Brenta Dolomiti Group, not yet as popular to western tourist but very well know locally. The Alta Brenta hike is best done over a couple of days and if you feel up to it the ferrata can provide you with some views of a lifetime.

PEAK Cima Brenta Alta
ALTITUDE 2500 meters
TIME 2 day activity
Beauty 5 star
Total Ascent 2100 meters
Ferrata Ascent 500 meters
Popularity High
BEST SEASON Late June to Mid September
GEAR Full hiking gear for overnight stay (helment, harness and slings for ferrata).

Hiking the Fradusta Glacier


Hike Italian Dolomite's, Fradusta Glacier

The Fradusta Glacier and a small lake with the same name, is located in the desert of the Pale di San Martino Dolomite's. There is very little left of the glacier and is it now more of a snow patch that seems to continue to disappear. This is a great day hike for all levels, but be sure to have all the appropriate layers for any weather since it can change in during your walk.

  • Mountain Group: Pale di San Martino Dolomites
  • Starting point: Upper station of the ropeway Rosetta (San Martino di Castrozza)
  • Trail numbers: SAT n. 707 toward “Fradusta”
  • Time of Year:  15 June to 15 Sept. depending on snow fall
  • Trail length: 4 km each way
  • Walking time: 1.5 to 2 hours each way
  • Elevation Gain: 480 m ascent, 300 m descent (one way)
  • Max Elevation: 2700
  • Additional Information: Tourism Board San Martino di Castrozza, Phone: +39 0439 768 867


The closest train stations:

Feltre (Padua-Belluno-Calalzo train line)
Bus connections to Primiero (30 km) and San Martino di Castrozza (45 km): Trentino Trasporti Company buses leave from just outside the train station (tickets are sold at the train station ticket office or on board).
Trento (Verona-Brennero train line)
Bus connections to Primiero (95 km) and San Martino di Castrozza (110 km): train (Trento - Borgo Valsugana stretch) + bus (Borgo Valsugana - Primiero/San Martino di Castrozza) with a single ticket; there is also a direct bus line covering the whole trip from Trento to Primiero - San Martino (leaving from the bus station).

Ora (Verona-Brennero train line)
Bus connections (only on working days) to San Martino (70 km) and Primiero (85 km) via Passo Rolle: Trentino Trasporti Company direct bus or SAD Company bus to Predazzo, then continue with a Trentino Trasporti Company bus.


You will take the cable car at Colverde up to reach the summit Rosetta (2.650 m). An easy path to the left as you arrive will take you near the refuge Rosetta where you can get snacks, water, and a cafe prior to your walk.  The walk takes you through the unique landscape plateau and into the hearth of the Pale di San Martino mountain Group. Follow the signpost 707 and the white and red marks on the stones, without them the path is not very visible.

This is an easy Alpine hike from an altitude of 2.650 metres to 2.700 metres, but the actual elevation gain and lost during the trip will be about 700 meters, and the up and down walking is through stones, so make sure you have good footwear. 

Walking time will be around 2 hours to reach the small lake. Some hikers like to continue to the summitof Fradusta (2.900 m),  on a clear day this is a great extra walk to add on. Or just have a picnic at the lake and then return to the Rosetta Hut along the same train. 

Hiking the Tuscany Region


Hiking in Tuscany

The best way to explore the Tuscany Region is on foot. From the peaks of the Tuscan mountains to the Via Francigena, travellers and nature lovers can walk their way through the beauties of Tuscany. Walking through Tuscany, exploring it slowly to savour the details and nuances that are often missed. Trekking is a way of being in direct contact with nature and this incredible landscape. These are unique experiences that are very different from mass tourism.  

Tuscany is the ideal place for this kind of 'slow travel' because it offers a host of different landscapes—from the mountain peaks of the Apennines to the Tuscan Maremma. Step by step, excursionists always  find something spectacular and unexpected before them. A rich network of footpaths crosses the region: itineraries for all kinds of trekkers. From Sunday treks with the whole family in the region's natural parks to more difficult routes for mountain trekkers—the region offers a wealth of options.  

Unspoilt nature, routes with varying difficulty that can be combined with sports or cuisine: this is the Garfagnana. Here you'll find small medieval hamlets, where age-old traditions can still be experienced. A beautiful show of the white mountains of the Apuan Alps: marble that sparkles under the bright rays of the sun. Only here can you find such beauty.


For those who want to avoid high altitudes, Siena and its footpaths are a perfect alternative. With its ups and downs, Siena is ideal for urban trekking because it is the perfect marriage between physical activity and art. On the hills that surround Florence, some 170 km of paths await. Along the Ring of the Renaissance, trekkers will walk through ancient monasteries, castles, churches, towns until reaching the Tuscan capital.  

For those who prefer the seaside, the Costa degli Etruschi offers itineraries characterized by sky, land and sea. These itineraries can also be travelled by mountain bike or on horseback.

Hiking Tour in the Amalfi Coast


Hiking the Amalfi Coast

High cliffs tumble hundreds of metres into the turquoise Mediterranean sea to create an indescribably beautiful coastline, listed by UNESCO as a world heritage site.

Picturesque villages and towns perched on the hillside combined with an exceptional diversity of landscape provide the perfect landscape for walking. Ancient paths wind through fragrant lemon groves and terraced vineyards, rewarding you with breathtaking views at every twist and turn.

Your holiday starts in the town of Amalfi, an ancient Maritime Republic famous for its refined architecture and your base for the first three nights. Agerola is your next stop, a rural community situated on an high plan surrounded by a dramatic landscape rising steeply from the shore to rugged mountains. Your walking holiday continues to the fishing village of Praiano and then you explore the most marvelous section of the “Footpath of Gods”, walking though an unmatched Mediterranean landscape.


  • DAY 1: Arrive Amalfi

  • DAY 2: The Valley of the Ancient Mills Walk - 13.5km

  • DAY 3: Isle of Capri Walk - 5hrs

  • DAY 4: Scala and the nature reserve of “Valle delle Ferriere” - 13km

  • DAY 5: Coastal Views from Mt. Tre Calli - 10km

  • DAY 6: The Fjord of Furore - 11km

  • DAY 7: The Footpath of the Gods - 10km

  • DAY 8: Goodbye

OIFW banner


DAY 1: Arrive Starting Point: Amalfi

It is recommended flying to Naples International Airport. Amalfi is 75km by road from the airport and we can arrange taxi transfers or you can travel by train to Sorrento and then bus/taxi to Amalfi. Surrounded by enchanting mountains, while away the hours exploring the steep streets and alleyways of this charming town. Overnight: Amalfi

DAY 2: The Valley of the Ancient Mills Walk: Walk: 13.5km, 5h30 approx.

Starting from your hotel you follow a scenic path up to the medieval Tower of Zirro to enjoy the first of many stunning coastal views.
Walking along twisting mule tracks, through the fragrant groves of the typical lemon trees, you head into the wooded hills. You soon enter the valley of the watermills and can explore the ruins of the many paper factories. These date back to the 11th century and made Amalfi paper famous. The next highlight is the hamlet of Ravello with its picturesque gardens of Villa Cimbrone and the stunning 13th-century Villa Rufolo. You then walk back to Amalfi through Atrani. Overnight: Amalfi

DAY 3: Isle of Capri Walk: Walk: 3h30-5hrs approx.

An unforgettable day of walking and exploring awaits as you take a boat to the Isle of Capri. You walk towards the impressive Roman ruins of the Villa Jovis, the palace of Emperor Tiberius, before joining the coastal path along the Arco Naturale until you reach the Faraglioni - the peculiar rocks protruding out of the sea. Later you can choose to visit the Convent of San Giacomo and the Gardens of Emperor Augustus or relax while enjoying a gelato, before returning to Amalfi. Overnight: Amalfi

DAY 4: Scala and the nature reserve of “Valle delle Ferriere”: Walk: 13km, 5hrs approx.

To start your day you take the public bus from Amalfi into the mountains to the village of Scala (25 mins). A quiet path leads into the nature reserve of “Valle delle Ferriere”, a deep valley surrounded by high cliffs. The stable microclimate allows for the preservation of the Woodwardia radicans - a rare type of long-leafed fern from the pre-glacial age. Your walk continues through meadows, small waterfalls and spectacular landscapes on a high path to the tiny hamlet of Pogerola. You then descend an ancient flight of steps towards the Amalfi and your overnight stop of Agerola. The village of Agerola sits at 600m above sea level in a wide green valley surrounded by thick natural forest and offers spectacular sea and mountain views. Overnight: Agerola

DAY 5: Coastal Views from Mt. Tre Calli: Walk: 10km, 4h30 approx.

Today’s walk is one of superlatives. Incredible coastal views from ancient paths cut into the mountainside will have you continually reaching for your camera. From the central square of Bomerano (Agerola) the walk leads toward the highest massif of Amalfi Coast, Sant’Angelo a Tre Pizzi. The coastal views are inspiring!Further along walk around Mt. Tre Calli, you can enjoy the Amalfi’s finest viewpoints with sights of Positano, the finis terrae and the Isle of Capri. Overnight: Agerola

DAY 6: The Fjord of Furore: Walk: 11km, 5hrs approx.

Starting from Agerola you follow ancient alleyways, which for centuries linked the high-plain of Agerola and the rural communities situated on the terraced shoreline. Following a network of paved paths, the walk arrives at the highest point of the Fjord of Furore, a spectacularly deep gash into the Amalfi Coast. You descend steeply into the valley, passing an old mill, ancient paper factory and a small fishing village before arriving at a lovely beach on the shore. Following the fjord to the shore you arrive in the coastal town of Praiano. Praiano is the hidden gem of the Amalfi Coast, a quaint fishing town away from the busy tourist areas and offering rich culture and history, great views of Positano and an authentic experience. Overnight: Praiano

DAY 7: The Footpath of the Gods: Walk: 10km, 4h30 approx.

The Footpath of the Gods is justifiably the most famous walk on the Amalfi Coast and the highlight of your walking holiday. From Praiano you climb steeply to reach the convent of San Domenico, a stunning view point and the beginning of the most spectacular part of the world famous “Sentiero degli Dei” (Footpath of the Gods). As the path twists and turns high above the sea it offers some of the most remarkable views on the Amalfi Coast. Terraced lemon groves and tiny villages cling to steep cliffs over the crystal blue sea. You follow the vertiginous trail to the village of Nocelle, and then on to the charming town of Positano. Return by bus to Praiano.
Overnight: Praiano

DAY 8: Onward Travel

Hike the Amalfi Coast

Hike the Amalfi

Hike the Amalfi

How To Dress of Mountain Hiking and Climbs


Hiking Italy, Italan Dolomite's

Having the right clothes significantly increases your comfort and also your chances for success when alpine climbing. Weather conditions and temperatures changes extremely quickly in the Alps summertime. You need to be able to stay dry and maintain the right degree of warmth frommorning till the afternoon, without bringing your whole wardrobe in your backpack.

Being too cold, too warm, or wet quickly becomes an additional factor of fatigue. Moving around with badly adjusted clothing and equipment costs you precious climbing time, and time is safety in the mountains.

Following is a list of clothing that we suggest that you bring for all mountain hikes.

Base layer: Long-sleeve underwear top and long johns made of wool or synthetic materials is best to wear close to the body. Avoid cotton since it tends to get cold and clammy when wet. Depending on temperatures and your type of mountaineering pant, the long johns can be worn underneath or not. However, a long underwear top and one layer of long pants is always worn in order to protect our skin from the snow and the strong sun radiation in the mountains.

Pants: A thin pair of soft shell mountaineering pants, such as the Norrona Svalbard pants, are comfortable with or without a base layer and practical to wear most days. Additionally, bring a light pair of shell pants for rain, snow and wind protection. Instead of baggy gore-tex ski pants, bring a light pair of rain pants that you can pull on without taking off your boots and crampons (really handy when standing in the snow). For example the Falketind pack-light pants.

Jackets: As insulation layer, both a thin and a thick fleece is good to have; the choice of the day depends on the temperature. Norrona 29- and Narvik-series provide various thicknesses and have hoods, which can be used as sun and wind protection. Wind stopper fleeces are less convenient since they are heavy and do not breathe as well as a fleece, and you need a wind and waterproof shell jacket anyway.
Always bring a thin gore-tex shell jacket or a light rain jacket for rain and wind protection. We recommend the Falketind pack-light or the Bitihorn rain jacket from Norrona. When going as high as Mt Blanc, a light down jacket is also nice to have since is can be very cold with the wind chill.

Hats: Sunhat and beanie are both indispensable for long summer days in the mountains. The face also needs to be protected with 30-50 sun cream, and the eyes with sun glasses (preferable category 4). For climbing Mt Blanc, also bring skiing goggles to keep the face warm in case of cold winds.

Gloves: You need a thin pair of waterproof gloves, impregnated leather is good. For cold days and high peaks, bring an extra pair of warmer gloves too.

Boots: A pair of gaiters to link pants and boots is always good. Even if the snow is not very deep, the gaiters will prevent you from ripping your pants in pieces the first day you are using your brand new, super sharp crampons.

For most summer mountaineering we use a light and comfortable boot such as the Scarpa Triolet. It is very nice for walking and works well for all the climbing except for very technical ice routes. It is ideal for our Matterhorn courses.

For climbing Mont Blanc, a warmer boot is recommended if you easily get cold feet. La Sportive Nepal Top and Scarpa Jorasses GTX are all round boots that work well for both for summer and winter climbing in the Alps.

Scarpa Phantom Lite is an option for those who are concerned about cold feet. It might be good on Mont Blanc, but for all other summer mountaineering in the Alps it is unnecessary warm and heavy.

There is a lot to choose from on the market when it comes to alpine climbing boots. You just have to try them out and see what fits your feet best. For a first time mountaineer, renting boots to try out the first week is a good option.

SLEEPING SHEET:It has become standard practice in the Alpine refuges to use a personal sleeping sheet during overnight stays: enforcement is varied but in SAT huts it is obligatory. Using a sleeping sheet helps to save precious resources (electricity and water) whose supply is difficult in itself because of the mountainous environment as wall as contribute to the overall hygiene of the refuge, and mattresses and blankets used in the rooms. Sleeping sheets can also be purchased directly from the refuge

How to Pack and Organize Your Backpack


Loading a backpack is pretty simple. If possible, first load your backpack at home. You can spread out your gear on a clean floor, visually confirm you've got everything and feel less rushed as you load up.

Use a checklist to ensure you've got everything you need. This lessens the chance something gets left behind.


As with anything this suggestion is a good starting point.  Most individuals tend to find this method works well, each hiker may wish to make adjustments based on their body shape and individuals likes.  However, I would suggest packing close to this method for the first days of walking to get a good feel of your equipment and how to make best use of your backpack. 

The Bottom of the Pack

Virtually all backpacks have large openings at the top and are known as top-loading packs. A seldom-seen alternative is a panel-loading pack which uses a zippered sidewall flap.

Most backpackers shove their sleeping bag into the bottom of the pack. On some packs, there is a zippered opening at the bottom of the packbag, known as the sleeping bag compartment, for this purpose.

The bottom of the pack is also a good place for other items you won't need until you make camp at night: long underwear being used as sleepwear, for example; a pillowcase; maybe a sleeping pad, if it's the kind that rolls up into a tiny shape.

Any other needed-only-at-night items can go down low except a headlamp or flashlight. Always have your light source in a readily accessible space.

The Pack's Core

Your heaviest items should be placed 1) on top of your sleeping bag and 2) close to your spine. Usually these items will be:

  •  Your food stash, either in a couple of stuff sacks or in a bear canister.
  •  Your water supply, either in a hydration reservoir or bottles.
  •  Your cook kit and stove might also go here,though both could be wedged into the periphery of the load if small and light enough.

Carrying a hydration reservoir? Most newer packs include a reservoir sleeve. This is a slot that holds a reservoir close to your back and parallel to your spine. It's easier to insert the reservoir while the pack is still mostly empty, so that leaves you 2 choices:

  • If you prefer efficiency, insert it at home. You'll have a loaded pack ready to go as soon as you reach the trail head.
  • If you want the coldest water possible, carry the reservoir in a cooler and load it and your other middle- and upper-pack contents at the trail head.

Heavier items should be centered in your pack—not too high, not too low. The goal is to create a predictable, comfortable center of gravity. Heavy items too low cause a pack to feel saggy. Too high and the load might feel tipsy.

In the past, traditional pack-loading advice recommended that for trail-walking, heavy items should be carried a little higher in a pack. Today, with most packs designed to ride close to the body, it's best to simply keep heavy items close to the spine and centered in the pack.  If you have an older style of pack with external frames you might wish to move heavy items a bit higher.

On the Outter sides and Outsides of the Pack

Wrap softer, lower-weight items around the weightier items to prevent heavier pieces from shifting. What items are these? Your tent body,rainfly, an insulation layer, a rain jacket. These items can help stabilize the core and fill empty spaces.

Stash frequently used items within easy reach. This includes your map, compass, GPS, sunscreen, sunglasses, headlamp, bug spray, first-aid kit, snacks, rain gear, pack-cover, toilet paper and sanitation trowel. Place them in the pack's top pocket or other external pocket, if one exists. Some packs even offer tiny pockets on the hip-belt.

If carrying liquid fuel, make sure your fuel bottle cap is on tightly. Pack the bottle upright and place it below your food in case of a spill.
Other Tips

  • Fill up empty spaces. For example, put utensils, a cup or a small item of clothing inside your cooking pots. Fill up your bear canister.
  • Split the weight of large communal items (e.g., tent) with others in your group. You carry the main body, for example, and your friend can carry the poles and rain-fly.
  • Tighten all compression straps to limit load-shifting.

The Desired Result

Ideally, a well-loaded pack will:

  • Feel balanced when resting on your hips.
  • Feel cohesive, a whole unit, with nothing shifting or swaying inside.
  • Feel stable and predictable as you walk, at one with your upper body.

Other Packing Tips

  • Tent poles: If your pack offers elasticized side pockets, place the poles down one side of the pack, behind one or more compression straps, with one end of the poles in the pocket.
  • Sleeping pad: You may need an extra set of straps to attach it to a lash point on the top of the pack or near your waistline on the outside of the pack. Another option: Put it beneath your top pocket (lid) and the top opening of the pack, then tighten the lid to the pack. The pad may be vulnerable to slipping out either side, so secure the pad to the pack with an extra strap or 2. Note: It's fine to carry tent poles and a sleeping pad inside a pack if you have the space.
  • Trekking poles: Same deal; just put the grips in the pocket and the tip pointing upward.
  • Ice axe: External tool loops make it possible to carry an inverted axe on your back until it's needed.
  • Crampons: Carry them inside your pack in a protective case. Or, lash them to the outside of the pack as long as you use protective point covers.
  • Other tools: Some packs offer a series of external stitched loops called a daisy chain. Use it to clip or tie small items on your pack.

Note: Minimize the amount of gear you attach to your pack's exterior. External items can potentially get snagged on brush in areas of dense vegetation. Too much external gear could also jeopardize your stability.

  • Carry a pack cover. Though some backpacks are made with waterproof fabric, they have seams and zippers that are vulnerable to seepage during a downpour. A pack cover is worth its weight when rain becomes persistent.
  • Bring a few repair items. Wrap strips of duct tape around your water bottles or trekking poles; in case a strap pops or some other disaster occurs, a quick fix could keep you going. Take along a few safety pins in case a zipper fails.
  • Consider a camera case. The need for one depends on your camera and your desire for quick access when shooting.

How to Prevent Blisters When Hiking


Hiking can wreak havoc on your feet; one particularly painful side effect is blisters.

Blisters are probably one of the most common foot related problems that hikers will face while out on the trail. Not only are they painful, but if left on treated they can prevent you from continuing your hike.

What causes Hiking Related Blisters?

The most common reason for getting blisters while out on the trail is wearing the wrong shoe. Friction from an ill-fitting shoe can wreak havoc on your feet and cause painful and debilitating blisters.

When hiking, your foot can move around quite a bit, especially if you are wearing the wrong type of hiking shoe. As you walk, this movement generates friction; which eventually causes your skin to separate, break and blister. But blisters can be prevented, and they will often give you plenty of warning before they appear.

Preventing Painful Blisters While Hiking

Break in Your Boots: Before you set out on a hike, make sure you take the time to break in your boots. Wear them around the office, go to the grocery store, and walk around the house for a few days. This will help stretch and soften the boot. When taking them out to hike, start slowly with a couple of small hikes. Never set out on a long hike in a new pair of boots.

Pick the Right Size Hiking Boot: The key to preventing blisters is to eliminate friction. This starts by picking the right size boot. A poor fitting trail shoe is a recipe for disaster, and you need to make sure you really know what you’re buying before you leave the store.

Keep in mind, hiking socks are often thicker than normal socks; so before trying on any new pair of hiking shoes or boots, make sure that you’re wearing the same socks that you’ll be wearing out on the trail.

Lace them up Right: Another reason for blisters is improper lacing. A boot that is not laced up tight enough can cause your foot to slip around inside the boot, thus increasing friction and the chances of forming a blister.

Air out your Feet: Excessive heat and moisture can add to your foot problems. Sweaty feet can increase your chances of getting blisters, or even worse, an infection. Make sure you take time to periodically let your feet air out in the open air, and make sure you carry an extra pair of socks to swap out those nasty sweaty ones.

Carry some Duct Tape: The moment you feel a hot spot, is the moment you need to take action. While some people recommend carrying bandages or moleskin, I recommended carrying some Duct Tape in your bag. Believe it or not, Duct Tape can be a great way to prevent blisters from forming.

Think about wearing a Liner Sock: While I’m not a big fan of liners, some people swear by them. If you’ve tried everything, and you’re still having a problem with blisters. They can help cut down on skin-on-skin friction, especially between the toes.

International Mountain Rescue Signals


International mountain rescue signals are still the same today as they were in the past, and often the only means possible in the immensity of the mountains is sending an visual or acoustic signal 6 times per minute, at regular intervals, i.e. every 10 seconds. Pause for a minute and repeat the same signal until you receive a response. This is done three times in a minute, every 20 seconds, in a visual or audible way.

By acoustic signals, we mean shouting or whistling or any other perceptible noises; by visual signals we mean waving handkerchiefs, items of clothing or mirror signals; at night you can use a torch or, if possible, a fire (obviously with caution, especially if you are in a wooded area or a wooden shelter).

The ever more frequent use of helicopters by Mountain Rescue has rendered new signaling methods necessary. Coloroful sleeping bags or anoraks spread out on the ground, smoke signals or marks in the snow can aid location from above. The SOS rescue sign can be made with letters of about 2m long, using contrasting stones placed on the ground, or footprints in the snow. In order to be seen from above, i.e. by helicopter, you need to make the following signals with your arms or with lights at night:

mountain rescue signals

When giving the helicopter instructions to land, keep the following in mind: with arms outspread, remain still at the edge of the landing place; where possible the area surrounding the landing place should be clear of obstacles up to a space of 20x20 meters.

SPECIAL NOTE! Don’t move away until the rotor blades have stopped: you are an important fixing point for the pilot. Any items of clothing laid on the floor to help the pilot should be held down with stones to protect against the strong airflow given off by the helicopter’s blades!

Italy Trail Markings and Difficulty Levels


Hike Italy, Trail Marking and Signs


Along the mountain hiking trails in Italy, the hiker can find three types of signs at all the main points.

  1. Painted triangle with the High Altitude Trail number inside; this type of sign is a little less common than the following;
  2. Path sign consisting of two horizontal red stripes with a white stripe in the middle on which you can find the path number in black. Along paths that require more frequent signs, in between those above you can find simple red or red and white signs.
  3. Wooden chart signs on fixed poles (old types in metal).

The coordination of signposts on the network of alpine paths in most Regions of Italy is constantly monitored, sector by sector. Where the triangles, path signs and charts are found to be in poor condition and thus difficult or impossible to see, the hiker should pay careful attention to the indications from guides, local maps, and have a good knowledge of land navigation skills.


A scale of difficulty for different mountain routes has also been introduced for hiking.  All hiikers, should learn the rating scale and take seriously so that they are able to avoid unpleasant surprises.  The Trail Difficulty Scale involves four distinct grades of difficulty:

T: Tourist path. Easy path or forest road, not very long, very evident not posing problems with bearing.

E: Hiking, Path without technical difficulties on variable ground, even rough and bumpy and at time steep; can sometimes include prepared crossings which do not require special equipment; most of the paths in the Dolomites belong to this category.

EE: for Expert Hikers. Marked path, over more treacherous ground, at altitudes even elevated, with open stretches which call for sure footing and no dizziness. Prepared stretches call for the correct equipment (karabiners, metal friction plates, harness and ropes).

EEA: for Equipped Expert Hikers. These are routes and prepared paths with frequent open stretches , difficult also because they are long and high up; they call for the know how of safety measures (helmet, metal friction plates, ropes and karabiners). Using these aids must not make you forget that you are moving in a high mountain environment.

With all these rating and understanding it is still necessary to remember that if you feel unsure you should undertake the route with an Alpine guide.

Minimum Impact Hiking In the Dolomites


Hiking is one of the most pleasant and healthiest outdoor pursuits, but it also requires increasing awareness of the negative impact that it can have on nature and on the landscape. High in the mountains the mantle of humus is often very thin and the vegetation is extremely vulnerable to the damage caused by people walking over it: 3000 crossings of a stretch of alpine field in a year are enough to turn a grassy area into a barren terrain.

Hikers on the High Altitude Trail must do their best to avoid shortcuts to limit the effects of washing away of the waters and prevent unsettling the ground; they must also try not to go off the paths so as not to disturb wildlife, and to reduce noise pollution, particularly when crossing protected areas or biotopes of particular scientific importance. They should not leave rubbish behind, gather mushrooms, berries, flowers or fossils. If you have to light a fire, do so with extreme caution and only in appropriate areas.

leave no trace hiking


  • Plan Ahead and Prepare
  • Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
  • Dispose of Waste Properly
  • Leave What You Find
  • Minimize Use and Impact from Fires
  • Respect Wildlife
  • Be Considerate of Other Visitors
  • Other Leave No Trace Considerations

Monti Lessini Traverse Walking Tour, Verona Province


monti lessini 1

Less than one hour north of Verona is Bosco Chiesanuova and the starting point of this nice two day walk in the hills of the Monti Lessinia.

LOCATION Verona Province
NEAREST TOWN Bosco Chiesanuova
PEAK Cima Sparavieri
ALTITUDE 1100-1798 meters
FACE South
TIME This is a great two day walk.
Total Ascent 800 meters
Ferrata Ascent NA
Popularity Well known to locals.
BEST SEASON From mid-May to late September is peak season. For experienced walkers this is a great winter traverse with snowshoes.
GEAR Hiking boots, rain gear, good layer system, basic emergency gear




Rifugi and Bivacchi in the Brenta Group

Rifugi (Mountain Huts) located in the Brenta Mountain Group

rifugio huts

Italy Travel Guide - Italian Dolomites

In summer, in the central area around the main Brenta Mountain Group's, mountain huts is one of the busiest regions in the Alps; nevertheless, the Brenta Dolomites are still wild enough to accommodate bears roaming the area. Many of the Brenta Rifugio also have intresting stories to tell,  and sometimes historical value as well; such is the case of Rifugio Tuckett-Sella, for instance, which owes its due name to the political situation when the two buildings composing it were erected.

The Tuckett-Sella Rifugio -  the central position of this hut, makes it an ideal starting point for many excursions and ascents, especially for those accessing the Dolomites from Madonna di Campiglio.

The Brentei  Rifugio isalso located in an ideal position at the centre of several paths and trails, not very distant from the vertical walls of the Punte di Campiglio. The hut is encircled by the Val Brentei, closed to the east by a rock boulder and overshadowed by the massive Crozzon di Brenta; it is also flanked by the northern side of Cima Tosa – the two peaks separated only by the so-called Canalone Neri (a sort of canyon), usually filled with ice even during the summer.

From there, one can continue on to Rifugio Tosa, beyond Bocca di Brenta; the path is long and presents a couple of exposed sections equipped with metallic steps and ropes. Closer by is Rifugio Alimonta; the path that climbs to this latter hut – immersed in a splendid Dolomitic amphitheatre and crowned by the peaks of the Sfulmini – is demanding but short.

The ascent to the head of the Val di Brenta is less frequented and decidedly harder: following an initial flat stretch on a forestry road a steep section follows, which climbs up to the hut. The last part is the most strenuous of all, and very exposed to the sun too.

The central ridge in the Brenta Dolomites is lower than that of the Adamello, running at about 2,400 metres – even though it peaks at the respectable height of 3,173 m at Cima Tosa.

Mostly, the isolated turrets that form the summits of the Brenta Dolomites are inaccessible for all but the most experienced climber; so, to the average trekker, they will 'just' be a scenic backdrop – albeit a magical one. As such, they offer many highlights, including the Crozzòn di Brenta – a vast wall of grey rock – and the already mentioned Campanile Basso: aperfect square tower of 400 metres that is one of the grandest rock formations featured in the whole Dolomites.


Safety While Hiking In The Italain Mountains


st bernard dogs

Hiking in the Mountains of Italy can be very tiring at times and many times you are above 2000 meters, experience, good equipment, sure footing, absence of vertigo and good physical condition are indispensable to ensure safety.

Often dangers are undervalued in the mountains: a rapid change in weather, an unexpected storm, a premature snowfall, an icy patch of ground, and fast-moving rivers all can turn a pleasant, light-hearted trip into a ordeal, even on well-marked stretches of path. Good self control is perhaps one of your most valuable skill sets.

A fundamental condition for trekking along the High Altitude Trail paths is good weather! Therefore you should find out weather conditions first from the available sources. If, despite all the above precautions and excellent equipment, an accident nevertheless happens (a slip, twist, fracture, injury from falling rocks, lightning, illness, vertigo etc.), try not to panic (difficult though this is) and follow the recommended indications where possible.


The CNSAS (National Speleological Mountain Rescue Organization, a special section of the CAI, Italian Alpine Club, whose emergency telephone number is 118, active 24 hours) and the Austrian Mountain Rescue normally operate in so-called hostile environments and in all inaccessible areas of the province. This does not only mean, areas such as, cliff faces or vie ferrate (equipped paths), but also above all snowfields and glaciers, ice falls, avalanches, cable cars, ski slopes, caves, ravines, gorges and gullies, rivers and all other types of environment not necessarily at high altitude (hills, woods, etc.), that due to access or movement problems, or in special weather conditions, require the intervention of qualified personnel that have expertise in all areas of mountaineering and speleology techniques and rescue.

Keep in mind that the refuges located along the mountain trails are equipped with public telephones (except the fixed bivouacs); in addition, all refuge managers are trained to help send correct and quick requests to Mountain Rescue.

The Mountain Huts or Rifugio in the Italian Mountains


Rifugio Lagazuoi Dolomites

Rifugio – or mountain huts or refuges in English – are the classic accommodation for hikers, climbers, mountaineers, and ski mountaineers in the Alps. Set in spectacular locations high in the Dolomite's, Refugio are accessible only on foot (with a few exceptions that are reachable by car). These unique huts are open primarily in the summer (from mid June to mid September), with a select few in winter, and offer meals and sleeping facilities.

The Dolomite Refugio are considered the best in the Alps. While some are dormitory style with bunk beds, many meet the standard of a simple guest house with private rooms and en-suite bathrooms, and each has its own unique character and charm. Bedding and linens are provided, hot showers are available, and meals are served in common dining areas – like a small mountain inn set high in the mountains with the most incredible vistas in the Dolomite's. Whether you’re hiking in summer or skiing in winter, an overnight rifugio stay is not to miss on a Dolomite holiday.

vie Ferrate A.M. Strobel


Hiking Italy, vie Ferrate A.M. Strobel

This route is very popularand a classic ferrate near Cortina, The 'Strobel' follows a logical line up the face of the Punta Fiames, the route is wellequipped on an exposed route.  There route takes good fitness and experience in the mountains, but the views and thrill of the walk is a great reward for your effort.


MOUNTAIN GROUP Cristallo Group, Dolomite's
NEAREST TOWN Cortina, Italy
HIKE TIME 4 hours
FERRATE TIME 1.5 hours
EVEVATION GAIN 1000 meters
HUTS ALONG ROUTE Rifugio Lagazuoi, Bivacco Chiesa
HOW ROUTE IS EQUIPED ladders, cables
Hiking Italy, vie ferrate Strobel sketch


vie Ferrate Dino Buzzati Ferrate | Pale di San Martino Mountain Group


Hikeing Italy, Pale di San Martino

The Dino Buzzati fixed trail is an enjoyable walk and climb in a remote area on the southern slopes of the Pale di San Martino mountain group.  There is no support huts or water points on the route so plan well and ensure you all the necessary supplies.  After the last iron ladder you peak out to a great view of the surrounding mountains.  I suggest doing the route clock wise not reverse.


MOUNTAIN GROUP Pale di San Martino Dolomites
NEAREST TOWN Fiera di Primiero
DIFFICULTY LEVEL Level 2 (difficult)
HIKE TIME 7 hours
FERRATE TIME 3-4 hours
DEPARTURE POINT Rifugio Baita la Ritonda
ELEVATION GAIN 1300 meters
HUTS ALONG THE ROUTE Rifugio Baita la Ritonda at departure
HOW ROUTE IS EQUIPPED cables, iron pegs, and ladders


Isolated route is careful in unstable weather especially fog.

West Ridge of Marmolada Via Ferrate


The Marmolada is known as the 'Queen of the Dolomite's', where you will find the tallest peak of the Dolomite Group.  The Marmolada group is a major destination for hikers, mountaineers, and skiers all year long.  The classic route along the crest of this mountain groups requires good mountaineering skills incomfort working in a higher elevation, the placement of the ferrate has made this mountain peak accessiblebut caution should be taken, the route over the Marmolada glacier and path to the peak requires good alpine skills and stable weather.  That being said this is perhaps one of the most spectacular routes in the Dolomite National Park.


MOUNTAIN GROUP Dolomite Mountain Marmolada
MAIN PEAK Marmolada
TIME OF YEAR June to September (depending on snow conditions)
DIFFICULITY Level 3 (very difficult or black)
TIME OF WALK 4 hours
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT Ferrate kit, ice axe, crampons, harness, rope, and helmet

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