THE CITY OF VENICE
Venice is located in the Province of Venice, in the northeastern region of the Veneto Italy. It is located in the marshy Venetian Lagoon which stretches along the shoreline, between the mouths of the Po and the Piave Rivers and flanked by the Adriatic Sea. Venice is renowned for the beauty of its setting, its architecture, and its artworks. The city in its entirety is listed as a World Heritage Site, along with its lagoon.
The historical city is divided into six areas or "sestiere" (while the whole comune (municipality) is divided into 6 boroughs of which one is composed of all 6 sestiere). These are Cannaregio, San Polo, Dorsoduro (including the Giudecca and Isola Sacca Fisola), Santa Croce, San Marco (including San Giorgio Maggiore) and Castello (including San Pietro di Castello and Sant'Elena). Each sestiere was administered by a and his staff. Nowadays each sestiere is a statistic and historical area without any degree of autonomy. These districts consist of parishes. initially seventy in 1033, but reduced under Napoleon and now numbering just thirty-eight. These parishes predate the sestieri, which were created in about 1170. Other islands of the Venetian Lagoon do not form part of any of the sestieri, having historically enjoyed a considerable degree of autonomy. Each sestiere has its own house numbering system. Each house has a unique number in the district, from one to several thousand, generally numbered from one corner of the area to another, but not usually in a readily understandable manner.
The name Venice is derived from the ancient Veneti people who inhabited the region by the 10th century BC. The city historically was the capital of the Republic of Venice. Venice has been known as the "La Dominante", "Serenissima", "Queen of the Adriatic", "City of Water", "City of Masks", "City of Bridges", "The Floating City", and "City of Canals". Venice has also been described as being one of Europe's most romantic cities.
The Republic of Venice was a major maritime power during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, and a staging area for the Crusades and the Battle of Lepanto, as well as a very important center of commerce (especially silk, grain, and spice) and art in the 13th century up to the end of the 17th century. This made Venice a wealthy city throughout most of its history. It is also known for its several important artistic movements, especially the Renaissance period. Venice has played an important role in the history of music, and it is the birthplace of Antonio Vivaldi.
Venice is built on an archipelago of 117 islands formed by 177 canals in a shallow lagoon, connected by 409 bridges. In the old centre, the canals serve the function of roads, and almost every form of transport is on water or on foot. In the 19th century, a causeway to the mainland brought the Venezia Santa Lucia railway station to Venice, and the Ponte della Libertà road causeway and parking facilities (in Tronchetto island and in Piazzale Roma) were built during the 20th century.
Beyond the road and rail land entrances at the northern edge of the city, transportation within the city remains (as it was in centuries past) entirely on water or on foot. Venice is Europe's largest urban car-free area. Venice is unique in Europe, in having remained a sizable functioning city in the 21st century entirely without motorcars or trucks. The classical Venetian boat is the gondola, although it is now mostly used for tourists, or for weddings, funerals, or other ceremonies, or as 'traghetti' to cross the Canale Grande in the absence of a nearby bridge. Many gondolas are elegant with crushed velvet seats and Persian rugs to make the ride more royal. At the front of each gondola that works in the city, there is a large piece of metal called the 'ferro,' or iron. Its shape has evolved through the centuries, as documented in many well-known paintings. Its form, topped by a likeness of the Doge's hat, became gradually standardized, and was then fixed by local law. It consists of six bars pointing forward representing the Sestieri of the city, and one that points backward representing the Giudecca.
- Gondola Rides in Venice
- Travelers Guide to Visiting Venice, Italy
- Using the Venice Transportation Systems
- Venice Travel Tips Before You Go
- What To Do In Venice, Italy If You Only Have 1 Day
- Cicchetti The Perfect Snack in Venice
- Foods to Try in Venice
- Walker's Guide to Exploring Venice Italy's San Marco Area
- The Carnival of Venice in Italy
- Lido di Venezia in the Veneto Region of Italy
HISTORY OF VENICE
- Republic of Venice
- Republic of Venice during the Middle Ages
- Republic of Venice from 1400 to 1600
- Republic of Venice from 1600-1800
- Republic of Venice The Fall of the Empire
- The Battle of Lepanto Republic of Venice