THE GEOGRAPHY OF THE VENETO REGION OF ITALY
The Veneto is the 8th largest region in Italy. It is located in the north-eastern part of Italy and is bordered to the east by Friuli Venezia Region, to the south by Emilia Romagna Region, to the west by Lombardy Region and to the north by Trentino-Alto Adige Region. At its northernmost corner it borders also on Austria. The north-south extension of Veneto is from the Austrian border to the mouth of the Po River and its east-west extension is from the eastern shore of Lake Garda on the west to the mouth of Tagliamento river on the east. Veneto can be divided into four areas: the northern Alpine zone, the hill zone, the lower plain and the coastal territory.
By area 29% of its surface is mountainous (Carnic Alps, eastern Dolomites and Venetian Prealps. The highest massif in the Dolomites is the Marmolada Mountain Group. Other Dolomite peaks are the Tre Cime di Lavaredo and the Civetta Mountain Group. The Venetian Prealps are not as high and range from Lake Grade to the border of the Fruili Veneiza Region. A distinctive characteristic of the Pre-alps are the cave formations, including chasms and sink holes; the Spluga della Preta, situated in the Monte Lessini chain in the province of Verona, where the deepest cave in Italy is found and abundant fossil deposits.
The Po Valley, covering 57% of Veneto, extends from the mountains to the Adriatic sea, broken only by some low hills: Euganean Hills, Berici Hills Colli Asolani and Montello, which constitute the remaining 14% of the territory. The plain itself is subdivided into the higher plain (gravel-strewn and not very fertile) and the lower plain (rich in water sources and arable terrain). The lower plain is both a mainstay of agricultural production and the most populated part of the region. Several rivers flow through the region: the Po, Adige, Brenta, Bacchiglione, Livenza, Piave, and Tagliamento.
The eastern shore of the largest lake in Italy, Lake Garda, belongs to Veneto. The coastline covers approximately , of which are beaches. The coasts of the Adriatic Sea are characterized by the Venetian Lagoon, a flat terrain with ponds, marshes and islands. The Po Delta to the south features sandbars and dunes along the coastline. The inland portion contains cultivable land recently reclaimed by a system of canals and dykes. Fish ponds have been created there as well. The delta and the lagoon are a stopping-point for migratory birds.
DOLOMITE MOUNTAINS IN THE VENETO
- Antelao Mountain Group
- Civetta Mountain Group, Italian Dolomites
- Cristallo Mountain Group
- Feltre Mountain Group Italy
- Marmolada Mountain Group
- Monte Pelmo - Corda da Lago Mountain Group
- Schiava Mountain Group
- Tofane Mountain Group
PREALP MOUNTIANS OF THE VENETO
- Asiago Altopiano, Prealps Italy
- Lessini Mountain Group
- Monte Baldo, Prealps Italy
- Monte Grappa Italy